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Present distribution and a new locality record of the invasive
freshwater mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843)
(Gastropoda: Tateidae) in Turkey
Süleyman Demirel University, Water Institute, Isparta, Turkey. E-mail:[email protected]
Received 20 March 2015 │ Accepted 7 April 2015 │ Published online 9 April 2015.
The New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum is the most widespread aquatic invertebrate in the
world and it spreads through North America, Europe, Asia and Australia except Africa and Antarctica
(Ponder 1988). Biological invasions have lots of ecological and economic problems for countries in a
globalized world (Alonso & Castro-Diez 2012). There are several aspects on the expansion ways of this
species. They are transported by ship ballast water, aquatic plants, fishes and birds (Alonso & Castro-Diez
Potamopyrgus antipodarum was first recorded in Turkey in 1980 (Bilgin 1980). Than it was reported
from ten different localities (Yıldırım 1999; Ustaoğlu et al. 2001a; Ustaoğlu et al. 2001b; Ustaoğlu et al.
2003; Demir 2003; Özbek et al. 2004; Yıldırım et al. 2006; Kalyoncu et al. 2008; Kılıçaslan & Özbek 2010;
Kebapçı & Yıldırım 2010). Until this study P. antipodarum was known from Aegean, West Mediterranean
and Marmara regions of Turkey and it inhabits different types of habitats (Table 1).
Table 1. Distribution and habitat types of Potamopyrgus antipodarum in Turkey.
Sea of Marmara
Muğla-Gökova Bay
Habitat type
Spring water
Drainage channel
Spring water
Bilgin (1980)
Bilgin (1980)
Bilgin (1980)
Ustaoğlu et al. (2001a)
Ustaoğlu et al. (2001b)
Demir (2003)
Ustaoğlu et al. (2003)
Ustaoğlu et al. (2003)
Özbek et al. (2004)
Kalyoncu et al. (2008)
Kılıçaslan & Özbek (2010)
Kılıçaslan & Özbek (2010)
Kebapçı & Yıldırım (2010)
Samples were collected from Gaziantep province in July, 2014. The sampling site of Potamopyrgus
antipodarum is the dam lake Karkamış (Figure 1). Samples were collected from 8 to 10 meter deep of the
dam lake with ekman grab sampler. After that, they were preserved in 70% ethanol. The dissections and
Ecol. Mont., 2 (3), 2015, 191-193
measurements were carried out by using a stereo microscope and the photographs were taken using a digital
camera system. The habitat of Potamopyrgus antipodarum is the typical dam lake ecosystem where it lives
with Radix labiata, Physella acuta, Dreissena polymorpha and Pisidium sp.
Figure 1. Current distribution and new locality of Potamopyrgus antipodarum in Turkey.
The yellowish brown shell has 4-5 regularly increasing whorls with a deep suture and 4-5 mm in height. The
umbilicus is closed. The apex is blunt. The aperture is inversely auriculate (Figure 2A). Potamopyrgus
antipodarum is an ovoviviparus parthenogenetic snail carrying embriyos (Neiman 2006) (Figure 2B).
The distribution of Potamopyrgus antipodarum in Turkey was presented in this study, including the recent
locality of the species near the border of Syria. P. antipodarum was recorded from the neighbouring Iraq and
Lebanon (Naser & Son 2009; Bößneck 2011; Van Damme 2013). According to the findings presented in this
study it seems that P. antipodarum spread from West to East of Turkey, but it is also likely to spread from
the Middle Eastern countries from where this species has been reported earlier.
Figure 2. A Shell of the Potamopyrgus antipodarum. B Developing embryos.
Ecol. Mont., 2 (3), 2015, 191-193
I would like to thank Prof. Dr. Ahmet Alp from Kahramanmaraş Sütçü Imam University for helping field study and Dr.
Martin Haase from Greifswald University for useful comments.
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Подкласс Exogenia Collin, 1912