Assoc. Prof. Cengiz Aktar
Course Description
Integration and Enlargement of Europe
EU's Enlargement Policy: The aim is leading students to develop an educated and
analytical opinion in looking at the Enlargement Policy in historical perspective
and predict on the further possible enlargements accordingly. It is of utmost
important importance that over the years between the accession of the UK,
Denmark and Ireland in 1973 until the Central - Eastern and Southern European
enlargement in 2004, the enlargement policy itself went through fundamental
changes due to the nature of the European Union and world politics at large. With
this course students will be able to build on their previous courses from Political
Science and International Relations and EU Relations to assess and evaluate a
specific policy area such as the enlargement policy and compare it with other
policy areas of the EU.
Textbook: Schimmelfennig, Frank. Sedelmeier, Ulrich. (2009) The Politics of
European Union Enlargement (ISBN: 9780415361293)
Recommended Readings: Aktar, Cengiz. (2002) Avrupa Birliği’nin Genişleme
Süreci İstanbul: İletişim (ISBN: 9789750500398)
Nugent, Neill. (2004) European Union Enlargement. London: Palgrave MacMillan
Sjursen, Helen. (2007) Questioning EU Enlargement. Europe in Search of Identity.
London: Routledge: (0415459788)
EU's External Relations: This senior year course on External Relations of the EU
will introduce the students to the fundamentals of the foreign relations of the EU
in the first part. Where significant theoretical concepts such as “soft power”,
“hard power”, conditionality, internationalization, regionalism, Europeanization,
interdependence will be introduced. In addition, the lecture will draw attention to
the complex nature of external relations of the European Union due to historical
differences between member states’ foreign policies, colonial legacies of some,
size and geographical location of the recent members. The lecture will then focus
on the indirect mechanisms of EU external action due to this multifaceted
complexity. The practice of the EU external action will be analyzed with a weekly
focus on foreign policy tools of the EU.
Textbook: Keukeleire, Stephan. and MacNaughtan, Jennifer. (2008). The Foreign
Policy of the European Union. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (ISBN: 1403947228)
Recommended Readings: Smith, Karen E. “The Outsiders: The European
Neighbourhood Policy”, International Affairs 81 (2005): 757-773.
Tonra, Ben. And Christiansen, Thomas. (eds.) (2004) Rethinking European Union
Foreign Policy. Manchester: Manchester University Press. (ISBN: 9780719060021)
Aktar, Cengiz. (2005). “Turkish Entry Will Make Europe a Global Power”, European
Affairs (4): 43-49.
Aktar, Cengiz. (2007) “Nicolas Sarkozy’s Mediterranean Union”, Proceedings of
Turkey – EU Observatory Conference, Lisbon.
Brown, David and Shepherd, Alistair J.K. (eds.) (2007). The Security Dimensions
of EU Enlargement: Wider Europe, Weaker Europe? New York: Palgrave

Assoc. Prof. Cengiz Aktar Course Description Integration and