AGRIBALKAN
BALKAN AGRICULTURAL CONGRESS
8-11 SEPTEMBER 2014,
EDİRNE, TURKEY
30.OXYGEN UPTAKE IN A FRESHWATER AIR-BREATHING FISH WITH MACROPHYTES - Stefka
Stoyanova, Katya Velichkova, Galin Nikolov, Alexander Atanasoff, Ivaylo Sirakov
31.MODELLING DEPOSITION OF PARTICULATE ORGANIC MATERIALS DERIVED FROM MARINE CAGE
FARMS: EFFECTS OF DEPTH, CURRENT SPEED AND FEEDING RATE ON IMPACT AREA - Ahmet Sepil,
Umur Önal
32.ORGANIC FISH PRODUCTION IN TURKEY: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES Süleyman AKHAN, Nurullah ARSLAN
33.TROPHIC ETHOLOGY OF COMMON GENET GENETTA GENETTA (LINNÉ, 78) AROUND LAKE TONGA
AT THE NORTH EASTERN OF ALGERIA - Oussama AILAM, BOUAZIZ Abdeljalil, Salaheddine
DOUMANDJI
34.EFFECTS OF FEEDING SYSTEM ON RATES OF FEEDING AND WELFARE BEHAVIOURS BY KARAYAKA
MALE LAMBS WITH DIFFERENT BIRTH WEIGHT - Arda Yıldırım, Nuh Ocak, Zafer Ulutaş,
Muhammet Kaptan, Hasan Önder
35.AN INVESTIGATION OF SOME SERUM MINERAL LEVELS IN NORDUZ EWES REARED UNDER SEMIINTENSIVE CONDITIONS - Ayşe Özge DEMİR, Ferda KARAKUŞ, Suna GÖKDERE AKKOL
36.AN INVESTIGATION OF SOME SERUM MINERAL LEVELS IN NORDUZ AND HAIR GOATS REARED
UNDER SEMI-INTENSIVE CONDITIONS - Ayşe Özge DEMİR, Ferda KARAKUŞ, Suna GÖKDERE AKKOL
37.CHANGES IN COMPOSITION OF EWE COLOSTRUM DURING SEVEN DAYS POSTPARTUM - Sezen
OCAK, Oya Berkay KARACA
38.EFFECT OF THE LINE ON THE PRODUCTION TRAITS OF FINE FLEECE RAMS - Margarit Iliev
39.CONSERVATİON OF GENETİC RESOURCES İN LİVESTOCK BREEDİNG İN THE EXPERİMENTAL
STATİON OF AGRİCULTURE – SREDETS - Nadejda PALOVA, Dimitrinka KRUSHEVA
40.INFLUENCE OF THE TEMPERAMENT OVER THE MILK-YIELD OF GOATS OF BULGARIAN WHITE MILK
BREED AND ITS CROSS-BREEDS WITH TOGGENBURG AND ANGLO-NUBIAN BREED - S. Stoycheva,
Ts. Hristova, P. Zunev, Ts. Maslev
41.ADULT LIVE WEIGHT ESTIMATES OF HASMER AND HASAK SHEEP WITH THEIR SOME BODY
MEASUREMENTS - Tülay Canatan, Mustafa Kan, Mesut Kırbaş, Necdet Akay, Onur Yılmaz
42. OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE WELFARE IMPROVEMENT OF LAYING HENS UNDER SEMI-OPEN
REARING DURING THE COLD PERIOD WITH ARGININE AND VITAMIN C SUPPLEMENTATION Nadya BOZAKOVA, Vasko GERZILOV
43.EFFECT OF SUPPLEMENTATION OF EXOGENOUS ENZYMES AND ORGANIC ACID ON
PERFORMANCE OF BROILER - Abdur Rahman, Saima Naveed, Talat Naseer Pasha, Muhammad
Akram, Sajid Umar
44. ORGANIC POULTRY IN TURKEY POULTRY INDUSTRY - Fatma Yenilmez, Emine Uruk
240
EFFECTS OF FEEDING SYSTEM ON RATES OF FEEDING AND WELFARE BEHAVIOURS BY KARAYAKA
MALE LAMBS WITH DIFFERENT BIRTH WEIGHT
Arda Yıldırım1, Nuh Ocak2, Zafer Ulutaş3, Muhammet Kaptan4, Hasan Önder2
1
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey
2
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
3
Department of Animal Production and Technologies, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and
Technologies, Niğde University, Niğde, Turkey
4
Department of Plant and Animal Production, Gökçebey Mehmet Mithat Çanakçı Vocational College,
Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey
[email protected]
ABSTRACT
After weaning, 14 low birth weight (LBtW, 20.1 ± 0.92) and 14 high birth weight (HBtW, 21.1 ± 1.38
kg) Karayaka male lambs, 3 months of age, were used to compare feeding system with different
dietary treatments throughout the day. While seven lambs in the each of these groups were fed ad
libitum with TMR, the other seven lambs were fed with free-choice feeding (FCF). The TMR was
consisted of 80% of a commercial compound feed and 20% of roughage based on a dry matter basis
(140 g crude protein and 2550 kcal ME/kg), whereas the FCF consisted of the same ingredients as
that of TMR, but putted each ingredient into five separate troughs throughout the daily. Hence,
there were four experimental treatments after weaning; namely TMR-fed LBtW, FCF-fed LBtW, TMRfed HBtW and FCF-fed HBtW. To determine the behavioural responses, such as eating, ruminating,
drinking, standing, playing and resting of lambs, each lamb was monitored behaviourally twice a
week for a period of 1 h at 04:00, 08:00, 12:00, 16:00, 20:00 and 24:00 h at 5 min time intervals twice
in a week during experimental period 60 days. Changes in rate of feeding and welfare behaviours of
lambs with low and high BtW in the studied times throughout the daily were not dependent on the
feeding systems (TMR or FCF). Differences in body weight influenced feeding and welfare behaviours.
Lambs in FCF showed more ruminating (P < 0.01) and resting (P < 0.05), but less drinking, standing
and playing behaviours (P < 0.05). The present results indicated that there were significant
differences in proportions of eating and drinking, rumination, resting and locomotion for Karayaka
male lambs with different birth weight fed TMR or free-choice feeding.
Key words: Feeding choice, rate of feeding, feeding time, behavior, feeding system
331
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