Atatürk was born in Selanik. Atatürk graduated from General Staff College and became a staff captain. 1911-1912He led successfully the Tobruk Offensive in the Trablusgarp Battle.This was his first military success. Atatürk went to Samsun and started the ‘Independence War’ .He also held congresses in Erzurum and Sivas. Atatürk and his friends opened the ‘Turkish Grand National Assembly’ in Ankara. September 19,1921 The Turkish Grand National Assembly gave him the title ‘Gazi’. He won the battle of the Commander-in-chief at Dumlupınar. Atatürk founded the Turkish Republic and became the first President. In 1928 Atatürk adopted the new Turkish Alphabet. In 1934 The Turkish Grand National Assembly gave him the surname ‘Atatürk’.Atatürk means “the father of Turks” Atatürk died in Dolmabahçe Palace in İstanbul.Anıtkabir is the mausoleum of Atatürk.