This empire began in 330
and lasted until 1453, for
1123 years.
The Byzantine Empire
began with the Emperor
Constantine who reigned
for thirteen years a total of
88 emperors were to reign
during the course of the
empire.
Founder of
Constantinople
Emperor of Roman
Empire



Constantinople was the fortress
capital of the Eastern Roman
Empire, which later became the
Byzantine Empire.
For hundreds of years,
Constantinople was one of the
richest cities in the world.
Many enemies tried to capture the
city, but all of them found this to
be very difficult.
Why would this city be difficult to conquer?
The city was located on a peninsula, and was thus
surrounded on three sides by a sort of natural moat. The
forth side was defended by a formidable series of
immense fortifications.
Osman: founder of the
Ottoman empire that would
continue until 1922 and gave
his name to the empire
- Mehmet II was born on 29th March 1432
- He was the son of Sultan Murad II.
- Mehmet II was a statesman and a military leader.
He was also interested in literature, fine arts and
monumental architecture.
- He took the name "conqueror" (Fatih) after the
conquest of Istanbul on 29th May 1453.
Conquer’s Reasons
1- Bosphorus
2-İstanbul is the most important city of
culture and trade
3-İn a position to disrupt the territorial
integrity of the Ottoman Empire
4-Crusade against the Ottoman Empire, the
Byzantine Empire to promote
5-Hz. Muhammad's hadith
And
If we look at Constantinople’s location from
space, we can still see why it was one of the
most important cities of its time.
PREPARATIONS FOR CONQUEST
He had the
Rumeli
Fortress
built
He had the
big gun
made
Şehri aynı zamanda denizden
de kuşatabilmek için 400
parça gemiden oluşan ilk
donanmayı kurdu.
Haliçteki zincire karşılık gemileri karadan
kızaklarla kaydırarak Haliç'e soktu.
The ships were entered to Haliç with sladge on
earth against to the chains in Haliç
PREPARATIONS FOR CONQUEST
Kale surlarını güçlendirdiler.
The castles walls were made strong
Osmanlı Donanması'nın Haliç'e girmesine engel olmak
için, Haliç'in ağzını zincirle kapattılar
Bizanslılar, suda yanabilen, neft yağı ve kükürt
ile yapılan Rum Ateşi(Grejuva) adlı silahı yaptılar
Byzantines made a gun which called Grejuva. Grejuva
was able to fire in sea. They made from turpentine and
sulfur.
Siege and Fall of Constantinople
He went Istanbul from Edirne on 6 April 1453. And Sieged Constantinople.
Siege continued 53days. The Byzantines’s capital where didnt take support
was fallen on 29 May 1453. - He took the name "conqueror" (Fatih) after the
conquest of Istanbul on 29th May 1453.
Importance in the history of the
Turkish conquest of Constantinople
Ottoman Empire’s Founded Phase had finished and
Upswing Phase started
Ottoman Empire gained The Black Sea and
The Mediterranean channels of commerce
İstanbul'un Fethi ile Osmanlı Devleti'nin Anadolu ve Rumeli
toprakları arasındaki Bizans'ın yarattığı tehlike ortadan
kalktı
Silk Road (İpek Yolu'nun Avrupa'ya giden kolu ele geçirildi.)
The Silkroad’s way which went to Europe was gained,
conquested, captured (elegecırmek)
Istanbul was made capital of Ottoman Empire
Patriarhion Konstandinupoleos
o
o
o
o
Osmanlı Devleti'nin İslâm
Dünyası'ndaki saygınlığı arttı.
In Muslum World Ottoman
Empires prestige increased
Fener Rum Patrikhanesi
Osmanlı himayesine girdi.
Patriarhion Konstandinupoleos
entered Ottoman Empire’s
protection
Effect of conquest about world
Doğu Roma (Bizans) yıkıldı.
Doğu Ticaret yolları Osmanlı eline geçtiği
için Avrupalılar yeni yollar aradı ve
Coğrafi keşiflere sebep oldu.
Rönesans hareketlerine zemin hazırladı.
Surların yıkıla bileceği anlaşıldı. Avrupa’da
feodalite zayıfladı. Krallıklar güçlendi.
Ortodoksluk Osmanlı himayesine girdi.
Orta çağ sona erdi, Yeni çağ başladı.
Avrupalı devletler, İstanbul’da ilk sürekli
elçiliklerini kurdu.
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Siege and Fall of Constantinople