This empire began in 330 and lasted until 1453, for 1123 years. The Byzantine Empire began with the Emperor Constantine who reigned for thirteen years a total of 88 emperors were to reign during the course of the empire. Founder of Constantinople Emperor of Roman Empire Constantinople was the fortress capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, which later became the Byzantine Empire. For hundreds of years, Constantinople was one of the richest cities in the world. Many enemies tried to capture the city, but all of them found this to be very difficult. Why would this city be difficult to conquer? The city was located on a peninsula, and was thus surrounded on three sides by a sort of natural moat. The forth side was defended by a formidable series of immense fortifications. Osman: founder of the Ottoman empire that would continue until 1922 and gave his name to the empire - Mehmet II was born on 29th March 1432 - He was the son of Sultan Murad II. - Mehmet II was a statesman and a military leader. He was also interested in literature, fine arts and monumental architecture. - He took the name "conqueror" (Fatih) after the conquest of Istanbul on 29th May 1453. Conquer’s Reasons 1- Bosphorus 2-İstanbul is the most important city of culture and trade 3-İn a position to disrupt the territorial integrity of the Ottoman Empire 4-Crusade against the Ottoman Empire, the Byzantine Empire to promote 5-Hz. Muhammad's hadith And If we look at Constantinople’s location from space, we can still see why it was one of the most important cities of its time. PREPARATIONS FOR CONQUEST He had the Rumeli Fortress built He had the big gun made Şehri aynı zamanda denizden de kuşatabilmek için 400 parça gemiden oluşan ilk donanmayı kurdu. Haliçteki zincire karşılık gemileri karadan kızaklarla kaydırarak Haliç'e soktu. The ships were entered to Haliç with sladge on earth against to the chains in Haliç PREPARATIONS FOR CONQUEST Kale surlarını güçlendirdiler. The castles walls were made strong Osmanlı Donanması'nın Haliç'e girmesine engel olmak için, Haliç'in ağzını zincirle kapattılar Bizanslılar, suda yanabilen, neft yağı ve kükürt ile yapılan Rum Ateşi(Grejuva) adlı silahı yaptılar Byzantines made a gun which called Grejuva. Grejuva was able to fire in sea. They made from turpentine and sulfur. Siege and Fall of Constantinople He went Istanbul from Edirne on 6 April 1453. And Sieged Constantinople. Siege continued 53days. The Byzantines’s capital where didnt take support was fallen on 29 May 1453. - He took the name "conqueror" (Fatih) after the conquest of Istanbul on 29th May 1453. Importance in the history of the Turkish conquest of Constantinople Ottoman Empire’s Founded Phase had finished and Upswing Phase started Ottoman Empire gained The Black Sea and The Mediterranean channels of commerce İstanbul'un Fethi ile Osmanlı Devleti'nin Anadolu ve Rumeli toprakları arasındaki Bizans'ın yarattığı tehlike ortadan kalktı Silk Road (İpek Yolu'nun Avrupa'ya giden kolu ele geçirildi.) The Silkroad’s way which went to Europe was gained, conquested, captured (elegecırmek) Istanbul was made capital of Ottoman Empire Patriarhion Konstandinupoleos o o o o Osmanlı Devleti'nin İslâm Dünyası'ndaki saygınlığı arttı. In Muslum World Ottoman Empires prestige increased Fener Rum Patrikhanesi Osmanlı himayesine girdi. Patriarhion Konstandinupoleos entered Ottoman Empire’s protection Effect of conquest about world Doğu Roma (Bizans) yıkıldı. Doğu Ticaret yolları Osmanlı eline geçtiği için Avrupalılar yeni yollar aradı ve Coğrafi keşiflere sebep oldu. Rönesans hareketlerine zemin hazırladı. Surların yıkıla bileceği anlaşıldı. Avrupa’da feodalite zayıfladı. Krallıklar güçlendi. Ortodoksluk Osmanlı himayesine girdi. Orta çağ sona erdi, Yeni çağ başladı. Avrupalı devletler, İstanbul’da ilk sürekli elçiliklerini kurdu.