Results: Party vote shares and Invalid share of ballots
Ankara
AKP
MHP
HDP
DP
HEPAR
HAKPAR
DYP
HKP
SP
DSP
BBP
BTP
LDP
MP
TURK
YP
CHP
Adana
AKP
HDP
SP
IP
BBP
BTP
LDP
MP
HAKPAR
HKP
DSP
MHP
CHP
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
Istanbul
AKP
HDP
SP
YP
BTP
BBP
DP
MP
IP
DSP
HAKPAR
HEPAR
DYP
MHP
HKP
LDP
TKP
CHP
Kayseri
AKP
CHP
BBP
HDP
DP
HKP
DYP
SP
LDP
IP
HAKPAR
MP
BTP
MHP
−.4−.2 0 .2 .4
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
Izmir
Mersin
AKP
BDP
SP
DP
DYP
HKP
BBP
MP
HAKPAR
LDP
DSP
BTP
IP
CHP
MHP
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
Manisa
AKP
HDP
BBP
SP
DYP
DP
HAKPAR
BTP
IP
HKP
MP
DSP
CHP
MHP
AKP
HDP
DSP
HKP
BTP
HEPAR
BBP
DP
SP
TURK
HAKPAR
DYP
YP
LDP
IP
MP
TKP
MHP
CHP
Gaziantep
BDP
SP
DP
BBP
BTP
HKP
HAKPAR
MP
DYP
DSP
CHP
MHP
AKP
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
Konya
AKP
HKP
DP
BBP
DYP
HAKPAR
IP
BTP
DSP
BDP
MP
HEPAR
CHP
SP
MHP
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
−.4 −.2 0 .2 .4
Regression coefficient (Invalid share of ballots)
Note: Each point represents a coefficient from regressing party vote shares on the invalid share of ballots.
The regression includes all ballot boxes in the metropolitan municipality controlling for voting−station (alan)
fixed effects. Standrd errors are clustered by district.
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Party vote shares and Invalid share of ballots