İslam’ın aslî kaynakları ve onların üzerine
temellendirilen İslam uygarlığı, bugün dahi
özlemle andığımız, bütün insanları hatta canlı
ve cansız tabiatı şefkatle kucaklayan bir ahlak
zihniyeti geliştirmiş ve bunu kültürümüzün
dış etkilerle dejenere olmaya başladığı geçen
yüzyılın başına kadar yaşatmıştır.
İslam’da Birlikte Yaşamanın
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35
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anayasa, ilk İslam şehir devletinin anayasası
olma özelliği yanında, yeryüzünde bir devletin
ortaya koyduğu ilk yazılı anayasa olma özelliğini
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