TÜRKİYE PLASTİK SEKTÖR PROFİLİ
2013 İtibariyle
PROSES KAPASİTESİ ( BİTMİŞ MAMUL ÜRETİMİ )
8,1 Milyon Ton
BİTMİŞ MAMUL ÜRETİM DEĞERİ
34 Milyar $
EKONOMİYE SAĞLANAN KATMA DEĞER
13 Milyar $
SEKTÖRÜN PROSES KAPASİTESİ BÜYÜME HIZI % 13,5
AB ÜLKELERİ İÇİNDE DURUMU
Almanya’dan sonra ikinci sırada
DÜNYA PLASTİK SEKTÖRÜNDEKİ YERİ
PROSES KAPASİTESİ : 7.nci sırada İHRACAT : % 1,3
İTHALAT : % 1,3
KAPASİTE KULLANIMI
% 73
İSTİHDAM
250.000 kişi
SEKTÖRÜN TOPLAM MAKİNE TEÇHİZAT YATIRIMI
2003 – 2012 yıllarında ortalama : 6,4 milyar $ 743 Milyon Dolar ( % 80 İthalat )
PAGDER Kayıtları 6.499
5.053 Firma PLASFED Üyesi Derneklerin Bulunduğu İllerde
FİRMA SAYISI
YABANCI SERMAYELİ FİRMA SAYISI 252 Firma ( İlk 5 - % 45 ) Almanya, İtalya, Fransa, Hollanda, İran
PLASTİK MAMUL YURTİÇİ TÜKETİM
Plastik Mamul : 7,2 milyon ton – 32,7 milyar $
KİŞİ BAŞINA PLASTİK TÜKETİMİ
93 Kg / Kişi
TÜKETİMİN SEKTÖREL DAĞILIMI
AMBALAJ : % 40
İNŞAAT : % 22
ELEKTRİK ELEKTRONİK : % 10
TARIM : % 6
TEKSTİL : % 4
OTOMOTİV : % 4
DİĞERLERİ : % 14
PLASTİK HAMMADDE ÜRETİMİ
933.000 Ton
PLASTİK HAMMADDE DE İTHAL BAĞIMLILIĞI
Toplamda : % 87
DOĞRUDAN IHRACAT
EN ÇOK İHRACAT YAPAN 9.UNCU SEKTÖR PLASTİK HAMMADDE
591.000 ton – 1,03 milyar $
PLASTİK MAMUL
1,5 Milyon Ton– 4,6 milyar $
TOPLAM SEKTÖR
2,1 Milyon Ton – 5,6 milyar $
ITHALAT
PLASTİK HAMMADDE
5,2 milyon ton – 9,5 milyar $
PLASTİK MAMUL
535.000 ton – 2,9 milyar $
TOPLAM SEKTÖR
5,7 milyon ton – 12,4 milyar $
DIŞ TİCARET AÇIĞI / FAZLASI
PLASTİK HAMMADDE
4,6 milyon ton – 8,5 milyar $
( Dış Ticaret Açığı )
PLASTİK MAMUL
TOPLAM SEKTÖR
PLASTİK MAMUL KG BAŞINA DIŞ TİCARET FİYATLARI
1 Milyon ton – 1,7 milyar $
( Dış Ticaret Fazlası )
3,,6 milyon ton – 6,8 milyar $
( Dış Ticaret Açığı )
Ortalama İhraç Fiyatı : 3,0 $ / KG
Ortalama İthalat Fiyatı : 5,4 $ / Kg
İTHALAT YAPILAN İLK 5 ÜLKE
PLASTİK HAMMADDE S.Arabistan, Almanya, Belçika, G.Kore, ABD
PLASTİK MAMUL Çin, Almanya, İtalya, Fransa, Güney Kore
İHRACAT YAPILAN İLK 5 ÜLKE
PLASTİK HAMMADDE Almanya, Rusya, İtalya, Mısır, İran
PLASTİK MAMUL Irak, Almanya, Rusya, ,Azerbaycan, İngiltere
HIGHLIGHTS – 2013
As one of the youngest and the most rapidly developing industries of Turkish manufacturing
industry, Turkish plastics industry, even during the global economic crisis, has continued to grow
above the GNP growth in Turkey. Growth rate of the industry more than doubled the GNP
growth rate for the last 10 years.
Turkish plastics Industry has grown by an annual average of 10,8 % during 2000 – 2012
period and 9,4 for the last 4 years.
With 8,1 million tons of processing capacity, Turkish plastics industry shares 2,8 % of world
plastics production which makes Turkey the 7th biggest producer in the world and 2nd in
European Union after Germany.
The industry comprises of nearly 14.000 companies operating in the industry which are
producing and supplying inputs to the main exporter industries such as automotive,
electrics, electronics, packaging, textile, construction etc. and are producing plastics and
rubber processing machines and equipments.
Around 99 % of the companies comprises of small and medium sized enterprises. As of 2012,
44 plastIcs converters take place among the first 1000 biggest firms in TurkIsh Manufacturing
Industry. Their share in total productIon and exports in total Industry are decreasIng.
The primary industries shaping the domestic consumption are packaging and construction
materials as it is in the world and EU. The consumption ratios are about 40 % for packaging,
22 % for construction whereas the other industries hold a ratio between 4-10 %.
The industry invested worth of USD billion 6,4 between 2003-2013. The average investment
of last 3 years amounted as USD million 800.
As of 2013, 230 companies have foreign shareholders. As far as the distribution of the
foreign capital is concerned, Germany leads the way with 17 % and is followed by Italy with
10 %.
Turkey is below the saturation point with about 80 Kg of domestic consumption per capita
comparing with developed countries. This shows Turkish plastics industry has high potential
demand high potential growth fort he future.
In spite of the rapid growth trend enjoyed by plastics production, consumption and exports
in Turkey, the domestic plastic raw material production capacity fails to meet the growing
demand. Consequently, about 87 % of the plastic raw material demand is met by imports.
The majority of plastics finished-products manufactured by using modern production
technologies are exported in Turkey. The industry’s direct exports in 2013 amounted to a
total of about USD 5,6 billion comprising of about USD 1,0 billion of raw materials and USD
4,6 billion of finished-products. Indirect exports realized as USD 6,4 billion in 2013.
Turkey exports plastics products to more than 150 countries. Iraq, Germany, Russian Fed.
Azerbaijan and UK are the top 5 countries with the greatest share in Turkey’s plastic product exports in 2013. In 2013, the first 10 countries accounted for 52 % of total plastics product
exports.
Turkish government has prepared an export vision statement, having goals to be reached by
2023, covering all the industries. According to this statement, chemistry industry, which
includes the plastics, is expected to export goods worth $50 billion in 2023 and of this
amount, 51% ($22,5 billion) is expected to be actualised by plastics and rubber industries.
Plastics exports will share USD billion 17 of total chemistry exports of 50 billion $
TURKISH PLASTIC INDUSTRY PROFILE BY 2013
TOTAL PROCESS CAPACITY
8,1 MILLION TON
PRODUCTION VALUE
34 BILLION USD
VALUE ADDED TO MACRO ECONOMY
13 USD BILLION
GROWTH RATE
% 13,5
POSITION BY PROCESS CAPACITY
SECOND AFTER GERMANY IN EU
SEVENTH IN WORLD
EMPLOYMENT
250.000
NO OF COMPANIES OPERATING
14.000 - % 98 SME
NO OF FOREIGN COMPANIES
252 FIRMS
FISRT 5 : GERMANY, ITALY, FRANCE, NETHERLANDS, IRAN
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
7,2 MILLION TON - 32,7 BILLION USD
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
93 KG
PLASTICS PRODUCTION BY INDUSTRIES
PACKAGING : % 40
BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION : % 22
ELECTRICS & ELECTRONICS : % 10
AGRICULTURE : % 6
TEXTILE : % 4
AUTOMOTIVE : % 4
OTHERS : % 14
IMPORT DEPENDENCY (SHARE OF IMPORTS)
PE: % 78
PP: % 94
PVC: % 85
PET: % 48
PS: % 91
OTHERS: % 100
TOTAL: % 87
EXPORTS
TOTAL EXPORTS
2,1 MILLION TONS – 5,6 BILLION USD
RAW MATERIALS EXPORTS
591.000 TONS – 1,03 BILLION USD
END PRODUCTS EXPORTS
1,5 MILLION TONS – 4,6 BILLION USD
INDIRECT EXPORTS BY EXPORTS BY EXPORTER
INDUSTRIES
6,4 USD BILLION
TOTAL FOREIGN CURRENCY EARNINGS
12 USD BILLION
SHARE OF INDUSTRY EXPORTS IN TOTAL CHEMICAL
30 %
EXPORTS
5 MAJOR EXPORT MARKETS
PLASTICS RAW MATERIALS
GERMANY, RUSSIAN FED., ITALY, EGYPT, IRAN
PLASTICS END PRODUCTS
IRAQ, GERMANY, RUSSIAN FED. AZERBAIJAN, UK
IMPORTS
TOTAL IMPORTS
5,7 MILLION TON - 12,4 BILLION USD
PLASTIC RAW MATERIALS
4,6 MILLION TON – 8,5 BILLION USD (DEFICIT )
PLASTICS END PRODUCTS
0,5 MILLION TON - 2,9 BILLION USD
5 MAJOR IMPORT MARKETS
PLASTIC RAW MATERIALS
S. ARABIA, GERMANY, BELGIUM, S.KOREA, USA
PLASTICS END PRODUCTS
CHINA, GERMANY, ITALY, FRANCE, S.KOREA
FOREIGN TRADE SURPLUS/DEFICIT
TOTAL
3,6 MILLION TON – 6,8 BILLION USD (DEFICIT )
PLASTIC RAW MATERIAL
5,02 MILLION TON - 8,95 BILLION USD (DEFICIT)
PLASTIC END PRODUCTS
1,0 MILLION TON - 1,7 BILLION USD (SURPLUS)
MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT INVESTIMENT OF
THE INDUSTRY
732 MILLION USD ( % 80 OF WHICH IMPORTED )
TÜRKİYE PLASTİK İŞLEME MAKİNALARI SEKTÖR PROFİLİ
2013 İtibariyle
FİRMA SAYISI
ÜRETİM
ÜRETİM ARTIŞ HIZI DÜNYA PLASTİK İŞLEME MAKİNALARI DIŞ TİCARETİ İÇİNDEKİ PAYI
İTHALAT
EN ÇOK İTHALAT YAPILAN 5 ÜLKE
İHRACAT
EN ÇOK İHRACAT YAPILAN 5 ÜLKE
DIŞ TİCARET AÇIĞI
İÇ PAZAR SATIŞLARI ( SEKTÖRÜN MAKİNA VE TEÇHİZAT YATIRIMI )
BİRİM İTHAL VE İHRAÇ FİYATLARI
598 : % 78’i ISTANBUL’DA
TOPLAM – 339 MİLYON DOLAR
ENJEKSİYON – 20 MİLYON DOLAR
EKSTRÜZYON – 63 MİLYON DOLAR
TERMOFORM – 36MİLYON DOLAR
PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR – 153 MİLYON DOLAR
AKSAM VE PARÇALAR – 68 MİLYON DOLAR
%9
İTHALAT PAYI = % 2
İHRACAT PAYI = % 0,3
TOPLAM – 527 MİLYON DOLAR
ENJEKSİYON – 161 MİLYON DOLAR
EKSTRÜZYON – 96 MİLYON DOLAR
ŞİŞİRME = 21 MİLYON DOLAR
TERMOFORM – 24 MİLYON DOLAR
PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR – 181 MİLYON DOLAR
AKSAM VE PARÇALAR – 43 MİLYON DOLAR
ALMANYA, ÇİN, İTALYA, AVUSTURYA, TAYVAN TOPLAM – 134 MİLYON DOLAR
ENJEKSİYON – 10 MİLYON DOLAR
EKSTRÜZYON – 31 MİLYON DOLAR
TERMOFORM – 14 MİLYON DOLAR
PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR – 61 MİLYON DOLAR
AKSAM VE PARÇALAR – 17 MİLYON DOLAR
RUSYA FED., IRAN, ALMANYA, BULGARİSTAN, ROMANYA
TOPLAM – 393 MİLYON DOLAR
ENJEKSİYON – 151 MİLYON DOLAR
EKSTRÜZYON – 31 MİLYON DOLAR
TERMOFORM – 14 MİLYON DOLAR
PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR – 61 MİLYON DOLAR
AKSAM VE PARÇALAR – 17 MİLYON DOLAR
TOPLAM : 527 MİLYON DOLAR
ENJEKSİYON – 161 MİLYON DOLAR
EKSTRÜZYON – 65 MİLYON DOLAR
ŞİŞİRME = 21 MİLYON DOLAR
TERMOFORM – 10 MİLYON DOLAR
PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR – 120 MİLYON DOLAR
AKSAM VE PARÇALAR – 26 MİLYON DOLAR
İTHAL FİYATI : 12,4 $/ KG
İHRAÇ FİYATI : 11,9 $ / KG
Turkish Plastics Pro cessing Machineri es In dustry
HIGHLIG HTS 2013
The plastics industry, in parallel with the increase in its processing capacity, invests in machines
and equipments with an increasing trend every year. The machine and equipment investments
of the industry, which were USD million 288 in 2003, peaked in 2011 with USD million 885. The
total machine equipment investments within 2003 – 2013 realised as 6,4 billion USD and the
avarage investments of the last 3 years as 800 million USD.
The37 % of the said amount was formed by presses and other machinesi 24 % of by injections, %
18 of by extrusion, % 11 of by equipments and % 10 by termoform and blowmoldin mavhines.
Turkey, is in a situation that it cannot meet the 70 – 80 % of the demand for plastics processing
machines, accessories and parts through imports, is a net importer regarding the
aforementioned manufactures and cannot provide enough added value with low export prices
when compared to the developed countries.
While the plastics industry is developing swiftly, the production of plastics processing machines
are not developing in parallel with the said manner and the industry is continuously losing its
ground due to cheap plastics machines producer countries, particularly China. The gradual
downsizing in the plastics processing machine industry in Turkey Plastics is caused by the fact
that there is not a state strategy towards the processing machines industry, the domestic
manufacturers are not protected enough and that the plastics product manufacturers prefer
cheap and second hand machine imports in order to get the edge over competition.
A manufacture of USD million 339, imports of USD million 527, exports of USD million 134 and
domestic market sales of USD million 732 (machines and equipment investment of plastics
industry) occurred in the plastics processing machines and their accessories and parts industry in
2013.
It can be observed that the 72 % of the domestic sales were provided by imports, that the 39 %
of the total production was exported and that the export coverage ratio of import was 25 % for
the plastics processing machines and their accessories and parts industry in 2013.
SUPPLY AND DEMAND EQUILIBRIUM FOR PLASTICS PROCESSING MACHINESİ
( USD Million )
Production
Imports
Exports
Domestic Sales
Foreign Trade Deficit
Exports / Production ( % )
Imports / Domestic Sales ( % )
Exports / Imports ( % )
2012
2013
311
596
123
785
-474
39
76
21
339
527
134
732
-393
39
72
25
% Artış
2013 / 2012
9
-12
9
-7
-17
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TÜRKİYE PLASTİK SEKTÖR PROFİLİ 2013 İtibariyle