2015 ELEKTRONİK YABANCI DİL SINAVI (e‐YDS 2015/4) 18 Nisan 2015 TEMEL SORU KİTAPÇIĞI
Bu testlerin her hakkı saklıdır. Hangi amaçla olursa olsun, testlerin tamamının veya bir kısmının Merkezimizin yazılı izni olmadan kopya edilmesi, fotoğrafının çekilmesi, herhangi bir yolla çoğaltılması, yayımlanması ya da kullanılması yasaktır. Bu yasağa uymayanlar gerekli cezai sorumluluğu ve testlerin hazırlanmasındaki mali külfeti peşinen kabullenmiş sayılır. 1‐
2‐
3‐
4‐
AÇIKLAMA Bu elektronik sınav uygulamasındaki test 80 sorudan oluşmaktadır. Bu test için verilen cevaplama süresi 150 dakikadır. Bu kitapçıktaki testte yer alan her sorunun sadece bir doğru cevabı vardır. İşaretlediğiniz bir cevabı değiştirmek istediğinizde, aynı şık üzerine tıklamanız gerektiğini unutmayınız. 5‐ Bu sınavın değerlendirilmesi doğru cevap sayısı üzerinden yapılacak, yanlış cevaplar dikkate alınmayacaktır. Bu nedenle, her soruda size en doğru görünen cevabı işaretleyerek cevapsız soru bırakmamanız yararınıza olabilir. 6‐ Cevaplamaya istediğiniz sorudan başlayabilirsiniz. e‐YDS 2015/4 1.‐6. sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük veya ifadeyi bulunuz. 7.‐16. sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük veya ifadeyi bulunuz. 6) The British voyage of the Beagle in 1831‐36, led by Admiral Robert Fitzroy, ‐‐‐‐ to survey the coast of South America and the Pacific Islands. 10) The skin has sensors dedicated ‐‐‐‐ detecting heat, pressure and pain, and the outer layer of the skin is your first defence ‐‐‐‐ infections and diseases.
A) set out A) for / about B) ran away B) in / of C) broke out C) by / on D) fell back D) to / against E) broadened out E) at / with DOĞRU CEVAP: A DOĞRU CEVAP: D e‐YDS 2015/4 27.‐36. sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük veya ifadeyi bulunuz. 30) If too many sharks are fished or killed by pollution, ‐‐‐‐.
A) sharks play a critical role in marine environments because they are at the top of food chain B) all species further down the food chain are affected, with some populations swelling and others declining C) they generally eat fish and other small animals, but the largest sharks also hunt sea turtles and mammals, such as seals D) most sharks have a lateral line system, which detects movement in water E) they are also sensitive to sound waves travelling through water DOĞRU CEVAP: B 37.‐42. sorularda, verilen İngilizce cümleye anlamca en yakın Türkçe cümleyi, Türkçe cümleye anlamca en yakın İngilizce cümleyi bulunuz. 42) Kömürle çalışan elektrik santrallerinin neden olduğu kirliliğin azaltılmasını zorunlu kılan yasalar ve politikalar sayesinde asit yağmurunun etkisi birçok ülkede azaltılmıştır.
A) Due to the laws and policies that have decreased the impact of acid rain, pollution from coal‐fired power stations has been reduced in many countries. B) The impact of acid rain has been reduced in many countries thanks to laws and policies that have required the pollution from coal‐fired power stations to be reduced. C) Since there are laws and policies in many countries that have reduced the pollution from coal‐fired power stations, the impact of acid rain has been softened. D) Thanks to the laws and policies that reduced the impact of the pollution from coal‐fired power stations, acid rain has decreased in many countries. E) The effect of acid rain has been reduced through both the decrease in the pollution from coal‐fired power stations and laws and policies in many countries. DOĞRU CEVAP: B e‐YDS 2015/4 63.‐67. sorularda, karşılıklı konuşmanın boş bırakılan kısmını tamamlayabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz. 63) Okan: – Do you have any idea why I always feel exhausted after drinking more than two cups of coffee? Damla: – I read in a magazine that if your caffeine intake is too high, serotonin levels can fall, leading to a crash. Okan: – ‐‐‐‐ Damla: – It might be. But I suggest you see a doctor in case there’re other factors contributing to this. A) So this could be the reason why I also feel anxious, depressed and tired. B) Caffeine is also found in tea, which can make you feel more active. C) Then, I should avoid buying caffeine‐laden drinks to stop feeling like this. D) There’re a number of ways to enjoy coffee, but without good water, the results will be disappointing. E) I’d better stop drinking it then, as it could make me ill. DOĞRU CEVAP: A 68.‐71. sorularda, verilen cümleye anlamca en yakın cümleyi bulunuz. 71) It is modern rather than ancient interpreters who have stressed Plato’s evident desire to establish philosophy as a distinct way of thinking.
A) Those who put an emphasis on the fact that Plato clearly wanted to define philosophy as a different system of thinking are the contemporary interpreters not the ancient ones. B) Although Plato wanted philosophy to be known as a different way of thinking, contemporary interpreters as well as the ancient ones emphasised that this is not the case. C) According to ancient views, Plato wished to categorise philosophy as a science of different thinking but modern views regard this as wrong. D) It is not only the old philosophers but also the contemporary ones who think that Plato regarded philosophy as a distinct method of thinking. E) Unlike Plato, modern and ancient philosophers who try to explain what philosophy is think that it is a system of different methods of thinking. DOĞRU CEVAP: A e‐YDS 2015/4 72.75. sorularda, boş bırakılan yere, parçada anlam bütünlüğünü sağlamak için getirilebilecek cümleyi bulunuz. 75) In an age of science, you might expect all of the medicines and clinical procedures prescribed by doctors to be based on sound scientific evidence. ‐‐‐‐ Now, reason is taking over, thanks to easy access doctors have to data from clinical trials and records of the experiences of other doctors around the world. The drive to assess the effectiveness of different treatments scientifically is known as evidence‐based medicine.
A) And yet up until recently, many doctors would still make their decision based on personal preference. B) Clinical trials are carried out on much larger scales, assessing the effects of new candidate drugs and treatments. C) However, many aspects of alternative medicine are rooted in ancient systems of healing, such as those of China, India and Tibet. D) Clinical experience of doctors can also be supported by the results of various clinical trials. E) In 1747, Scottish naval surgeon James Lind conducted the first clinical trial. DOĞRU CEVAP: A 76.‐80. sorularda, cümleler sırasıyla okunduğunda parçanın anlam bütünlüğünü bozan cümleyi bulunuz. 78) (I) Stonehenge is one of the UK's most enigmatic monuments and has puzzled researchers for decades. (II) The researchers have found that Durrington Walls situated close to Stonehenge was once surrounded by 60 three‐metre‐tall posts. (III) Now, thanks to a digital scanning project, archaeologists have discovered more about Stonehenge than ever before. (IV) Using cutting‐
edge remote sensing and geophysical imaging techniques, researchers have discovered 17 previously unknown structures surrounding the famous landmark. (V) These findings include burial mounds, circular channels and an enormous timber building thought to have been used in funeral rituals. A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V DOĞRU CEVAP: B 
Download

Temel Soru Kitapçığı