Araştırma Ekosistemi ve Yaratıcı Ekonomi
Girişimi: Güney Kore Örneği
Ali Coşkun
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
(KAIST)
Population: 50 million
GDP: 1.305 trillion USD
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
50 year
1960. Gangnam, South Korea
2015. Gangnam, South Korea
Population: 25 million
GDP: 3.9 billion USD
Population: 50 million
GDP: 1.305 trillion USD
335 %
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Agriculture
Industry
39%
3%
Service
58%
11th
17th
2015 Korea GDP by Sector
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
R&D Ratio per GDP
OECD average : 2.4%
Source : OECD Report
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
•
Long-term trends in R&D-intensive manufacturing employment, 1980-2013
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Samsung and Hyundai Motor are responsible for more than 33 percent of the Korea`s GD
P
Foundation of
Outstanding
Growth!
South Korea is one giant company town!
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Source : oxford dictionaries
•
Concentration of wealth
•
Invisible Hierarchy society
•
Missing flow for global trend
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Relief Loan from IMF
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
The rise of the ‘CREATIVE ECONOMY’ marks another sea-change in
our lives. It is leading to new ideas about ‘how’ and ‘where’ people work
and is beginning to re-shape our cities. It is disrupting relationships
between workers and managers and investors. It is driving the new
digital START-UPS, affecting education, and changing the nature of jobs
and employment.
- John Howkins -
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
President Park, 2013-
In 2015, the South Korean government earmarked 166 billion USD to build
the foundations of a creative economy
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Government R&D Innovation Plan
•
•
•
Reorganize R&D support framework around SMEs and Midsize Companies
Cultivate “ideal environment for research”
Strengthen the role of government as R&D control tower
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
http://www.startupranking.com
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
1st Research Institute in Korea
(1971 ~ Present)
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
(GIST)
(1993 ~ Present)
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology
(DGIST)
(2004 ~ Present)
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
(UNIST)
(2007 ~ Present)
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Mobile harbor
Hubo wins the DARPA Robotics Challenge!
OLEV, Online Electronic Vehicle
2015 QS world University Rankings: 13th in Engineering & Technology, 43rd overall
Ranked 10th in the World’s Most Innovative Universities
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Ranking based on a quantified assessment of university collaboration with industry and
levels of activity, success and influence in patenting.
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Unit : Million USD
# of Grant
Budget
Government
Budget
Industry
Budget
# of Faculty
Budget per
Faculty
Technology
Transfer to
Industry
Income
1
KAIST
1,790
213.67
132.54
55.86
615
0.35
46
0.24
2
POSTECH
962
111.99
75.76
30.09
267
0.42
20
0.16
3
GIST
459
57.81
40.61
1.96
153
0.36
20
0.10
4
DGIST
88
14.31
12.75
1.188
64
0.16
13
0.03
# of Patent
Domestic
Apply
Domestic
Register
Ratio
International
Apply
International
Register
Ratio
1
KAIST
2167
938
894
95.3
244
91
37.3
2
POSTECH
1040
344
294
85.4
257
145
56.4
3
GIST
443
157
161
102.5
91
34
37.4
4
DGIST
325
188
111
59.0
26
0
0
Source : 2014 University Public Announcement by Government of the Republic of Korea
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Previous
Now
Domestic : KAIST Support
International : Inventor Burden
Domestic/International : Evaluation system
Patent Evaluation
Domestic Apply
No Registration
C Class
B Class
Domestic Apply
With Registration
A, S Class
Domestic Apply
With Registration
Abroad Patent Candidate
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Startup
Growth
Retry
Recovery
17 Companies Established!
Partnership
Full Support for ‘Startup Eco System’
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
KAIST
A paradigm shift
From “outcome”
based research
Encouraging
and Supporting
Students for
Start-up
2015 (1.6%)
↓
2025 (10%)
Contribution
of KAIST-based
start-ups
to
Korea’s
GDP
2015 (0.3%)
↓
2025 (3%)
Promoting
Exchange with
Industry
2015 (50 student)
↓
2025 (200 student)
Support
For
Basic Research
Over 10 years
2015 (0)
↓
2025 (20)
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Candidate : Prof. Ryong Ryoo, Charles Lee
Outcome based Research Grant
Paradigm Shift
Basic Science based
Research
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Category
Total Area
Gross Floor Area
Budget
Site/Location
IBS Complex
259,769 m2
112,740 m2
3,268 Bn.(KRW)
Daejeon
Campus Research Center
(KAIST, GIST, DGIST, UNIST, POSTECH)
114,390 m2
127,500 m2
3,551 Bn.(KRW)
5 Designated Campus
Total
404,159 m2
240,240 m2
6,819 Bn.(KRW)
5 billion USD
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
DIVERSITY OF RESEARCHERS
THE NUMBER OF RESEARCH CENTERS
Mathematics
4%
Interdisciplinary
9%
20s
18%
Life Science
29%
More than 60
2%
50s
9%
40s
22%
Chemistry
25%
30s
49%
Physics
33%
Total Budget
300,000,000
$200,500,000
200,000,000
100,000,000
0
$232,266,000
$283,801,000
$3,202,000
2011
2012
2013
2014
https://www.ibs.re.kr
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Center for Nanomaterials and
Chemical Reactions
Center for Multidimensional Carbon
Materials
Professor @ KAIST Chemistry
Professor @ UNIST
Prof. RYOO Ryong
Prof. Rodney RUOFF
Center for Center for Axion and
Precision Physics Research
Center for Nanoparticle Research
Professor @ SNU CBE
Professor @ KAIST Chemistry
Prof. Yannis K. Semertzidis
Prof. HYEON Taeghwan
Center for Self-assembly and
Complexity
Center for Soft and Living Mater
Professor @ UNIST
Professor @ POSTECH Chemistry
Prof. KIM Kimoon
Prof. Steve Granick
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
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