BIOMASS AS A DRIVING FORCE FOR
RURAL DEVELOPMENT MISCANTHUS BEST PRACTICES
G. Dražić, J. Milovanović, M. Aranđelović
Faculty of Applied Ecology Futura,
Singidunum University, Belgrade, Serbia
ROLE OF RESEARCH IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AREAS
May 23-26, 2012, Podgorica, Montenegro
Fakultet za primenjenu
ekologiju
FUTURA
Miscanthus
giganteus
Miscanthus is a sterile triploid hybrid which
originates from South East Asia.
i) its reproduction is possible
only through vegetation
way,
ii) it is sensitive to low
temperatures,
iii) its development requires
high insolation and
relatively large quantity of
water.
i) high price for planting
material, thus establishment
of stand,
ii) freezing as consequence of
low winter temperatures,
particularly in absence of
snow cover,
iii) higher yields are achieved
with watering
Annual cycle
THE EXPERIMENT
Rhizomes were planted in the
spring of 2007, 2008 and 2010.
Zemun /chernozem,
Ralja / etrustic cambisol,
Loznica /degraded cambisol,
Zasavica / hydromorphic black soil
Rhizomes (100) were planted in
plots of 10 x 10 m.
F (100kg/ha NPK )
watering W
yield - early harvest EH /sept.
- late harvest LH /feb.
fertilizer
calculated at 15% moisture content (LH)
Field exp. – losses during 1st year.
Experimental
site
Zemun
Ralja
Degree of Summer Winter
emergency damage freezing
%
%
damage*
%
92 (72-96) 5 (2-10)
5 (3-7)
Late frost
damage*
%
90 (85-95)
10 (5-12)
12 (5- 15)
5 (2-9)
14 (5-20)
Loznica
86 (70-90) 7 (3-11)
2 (0-3)
3 (1-5)
Zasavica
84 (80-92) 5 (3-12)
2 (0-3)
5 (0-11)
Field exp. - moisture contents (%)
Experimental
site
Moisture
content
EH
0
Moisture
content
EH
WF
Moisture Moisture
content content
LH
LH
0
WF
Zemun
80±7
89±6
18±2
20±4
Ralja
79±7
85±5
20±2
20±3
Loznica
66±9
74±3
18±3
21±4
Zasavica
82±4
86±5
24±2
27±4
Field exp. – yield (kg/ha)
Experimental
site
Zemun
00
0W
F0
WF
2834±250
3287±288 2900±346 3450±137
Ralja
3445±327
4228±522 6180±352 6260±158
Loznica
2577±316
2986±340 3466±402 3582±360
Zasavica
3122±420
3566±358 4286±340 4323±286
general advantages of
Miscanthus as an energy crop
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Yield: 15-30 t/ha DM
High biomass
Mineral content is low (LH): 0.09-0.34% N. 0.37-1.12%
K, 0.03-0.21% Cl;
productivity
CO2 emission up to 90% lower in comparison with coal;
high heating value,
gross heating value of 17-19 GJ/t;
low SO2 and NOx,
net energy content 15.8-16.5 GJ/t ;
annual renewing
water content at harvest (LH) 15%;
chopped density at harvest of 70-100 kg/m3 ; low requirements for
compacted bale density 150-300 kg/m3,
canopy maintenance
holocellulose content of 64-71%;
indicate the advantages
ash content of 1,5–4,5 % ;
of the plant over fossil
ash fusion temperature of 1090°C;
fuels and other biomass
and sulphur content of 0,1%;.
sources
Conclusions
According to Kyoto Protocol and sustainable development
strategies, production and use of biomass is of crucial importance
for provision
renewable domestic
of energy and
Special
attentionofisannually
paid to socioeconomic
aspectssource
of agro-energy
forproduction
environmental
protection.
Integrated
approach
to theand
crops
through
the analysis
of energy,
ecological
production
of energy
crops, both
farming and
ones,
is the
economic
incoming
and resulting
parameters.
Thisforest
analysis
should
imperative,
estimated
biomass
waste,
serve
to assist abecause
decision-maker
in available
estimating
further(as
development
of
harvesting
remains
and manure)crops
is notfrom
satisfactory
in terms
of its
production
and
use
of
agro-energy
the
aspect
of
natural
Bearing
in and
mindquantity
that this is a brand new area of study, it is necessary
quality
resources
management
in accordance
with
nationalabout
and international
to implement
general awareness
raising
campaign
the necessity
standards
in place.
of energy crops
production. With regard to that, it is planned to
establish a network of institutions (scientific and educational) which
will serve as consultants to the economic subjects that decide to
produce and process biomass and energy crops and they will actively
participate in adoption and harmonization of standards in this area
Faculty for applied ecology
FUTURA
Ministry of education and science
Republic of Serbia
grant no TR 31078
PE Electric Power Industry of
Serbia
p.s.
PISMO O
FAKULTET
ZANAMJERI
PRIMENJENU EKOLOGIJU - FUTURA
Organiziranje lanaca vrijednosti obnovljivih izvora energije u funkciji regionalnog razvoja i
Ulica
Lazarevački drum br 13
osnivanje INSTITUTA ZA PODUNAVSKI MISKANTUS
prof.
dr.sc. Jordan
Aleksićza razvoj, opskrbu i
MISKANTUS
HRVATSKA
~ Društvo
PISMO O NAMERI
SR-11000
BEOGRAD
Organiziranje
verige
obnovljivih
virov energijeizvora
v funkciji
regionalnega razvoja in
promociju
obnovljivih
energije
ustanovitev INŠTITUTA ZA PODONAVSKI MISKANTUS
SRBIJA
SVEUČILIŠTE JOSIPA JURJA STROSSMAYERA U OSIJEKU,
MISKANTUS BiH ~ Društvo za razvoj, opskrbu i promociju
LETTER OF
INTENT
VELEUČILIŠTE
LAVOSLAV RUŽIČKA
U VUKOVARU
Setting up a chain of valuesobnovljivih
of renewable sources
of
energy in the function of regional development and
izvora
energije
E: [email protected]
incorporation
of the INSTITUTE OF DANUBIAN MISCANTHUS.
dr. sc. Drago Kraljević
AGRONOMSKI
PREHRAMBENO-TEHNOLOŠKI
FAKULTET
Ovim dokumentom о razumjevanju (sporazum) Ipotpisnici
potvrdjuju da je postignut sporazum izmeñu
obrazovnih razvojnih
W: http://futura.edu.rs
GIGANTEUS
MISCANTHUSPRODUKTION
Županijska
50
institucija i udruženja preduzetnika i preduzeća
na
teritorija,
Republike
Bosne
i
Hercegovine,
Republike
Hrvatske,
Republike
Slovenije, Republike
SVEUČILIŠTA
U MOSTARU
Srbije i Republike Austrije radi
realizacije
programa
za
korišćenje
alternativnih
izvora
energije,
biomase,
organskog
otpada
u
energetske svrhe i
Grub 4
HR-31 000 VUKOVAR
Biskupa
Čule bb
osnivanja INSTITUTA ZA PODUNAVSKI
MISKANTUS.
mr.sc.
Hannes
Stelzhammer
S tem dokumentomHRVATSKA
(dogovorom), podpisniki
potrjujejo
dogovor
med izobraževalnimi in razvojnimi institucijami ter združenji podjetnikov in
BiH-88000
MOSTAR
podjetij na ozemlju Republike Bosne in Hercegovine, Republike Hrvaške, Republike Slovenije, Republike Srbije in Republike Avstrije glede
AT-3071biomase
BÖHEIMKIRCHEN
izvedbe programa za uporabo alternativnih
virov energije,
ter organskega ospada v energetske namene in ustanovitve INŠTITUTA ZA
BOSNA
I HERCEGOVINA
PODONAVSKI MISKANTUS.
AUSTRIA
E: [email protected]
Through this document of agreement the signatories confirm that an agreement has been
W: http://www.pfos.hr
reached between education
and development institutions and the association of entrepreneurs and businesses from the territory of
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegowina, Republic
Republic of Slovenia, Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Austria in order to
E:of Croatia,
[email protected]
realise the programme of application of alternative sources of energy, biomass and municipial waste for energy purposes and for incorporation
W: http://www.giganteus.at
of INSTITUTE OF DANUBIAN MISCANTHUS.
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