RENEWABLES INTEGRATION IN
TURKISH POWER SYSTEM
Kazim SENOCAK
Electrical Engineer
Research, Planning & Coordination Department
TURKISH ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION CORPORATION
(TEİAŞ)
www.teias.gov.tr
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES
• The sole owner of Electricity Transmission System
• Responsible for the expansion of transmission network infrastructure
& construction of new transmission facilities
• Operating & Maintaining the Turkish Electricity Transmission Network
economically and reliably in compliance with international standards
• Monitoring real-time system reliability, purchasing and providing
Ancillary Services Through “Ancillary Service Agreements”
• Publishing 10-year “Electrical Energy Generation Capacity Projection”
• Operating the Electricity Balancing-Settlement Market and Financial
Reconciliation Center (PMUM)
• Carrying out studies for the Interconnection Lines with neighboring
countries
TEİAŞ
2
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
TURKISH POWER SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TEİAŞ
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
SUBSTATIONS
400 kV : 89
220 kV : 1
154 kV : 553
66 kV : 14
Total
: 657 Subs.
with 117.027 MVA capacity
TRANSMISSION GRID
TRANSMISSION LINES
400 kV : 16,612 km
154 kV : 33,562 km
220 kV : 85 km
66 kV : 509 km
154 & 400 kV Cable: 283,3 km
Total
: 51.052 km
TEİAŞ
4
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
ENTSO-E INTEGRATION OF TURKEY
INTERCONNECTIONS
• Trial Run period started
with ENTSO-E in September
2010.
BG
TR
GR
• Turkey applied for
synchronous interconnection
with the UCTE/CE in 2000
• In April 2014, permanent
synchronous operation is
approved.
TEİAŞ
5
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
TEİAŞ
6
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
INSTALLED CAPACITY & PEAK LOAD
Installed Capacity
(April 2014)
2012
Installed Capacity:
57,058 MW
Annual
Consumption
241.9 TWh
Peak Load
39,045 MW
(MW)
(27.07.2012 14:30)
2013
Installed Capacity: 64,044 MW
Annual
Consumption
245.48 TWh
Peak Load
38,264 MW
Total: 64,610 MW
(29.08.2013 14:20)
TEİAŞ
7
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
PEAK LOAD & ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2001-2020
70000
450000
65000
400000
60000
55000
350000
50000
MW
40000
250000
35000
GWh
300000
45000
200000
30000
25000
150000
20000
100000
15000
10000
50000
5000
0
0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
TÜKETİM (GWh)
SENARYO 1 ENERJİ TALEBİ
SENARYO 2 ENERJİ TALEBİ
PUANT YÜK (MW)
SENARYO 1 PUANT TALEP
SENARYO 2 PUANT TALEP
TEİAŞ
8
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
WIND POWER
IN TURKISH GRID
TEİAŞ
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
TURKISH WIND POTENTIAL
The techno-economic wind potential of Turkey is 48 GW, according to General
Directorate of Renewable Energy.
The locations with highest potential are in the Aegean, Marmara, and Eastern
Mediterranean and Hatay.
TEİAŞ
10
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
WIND INSTALLED CAPACITY
LAW ABOUT
UTILIZATION OF RENEWABLES
TEİAŞ
11
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
INSTALLED & PLANNED WPP’s
WPP STATUS
MW
IN OPERATION
2,890
HAS CONNECTION AGREEMENT
with TEIAS
3,043
LICENSED by EMRA
3,422
PERMITTED for CONNECTION
1,192
EXTENSIONS APPROVED
974
TOTAL
11.521
TEİAŞ
12
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
INSTALLED CAPACITY PROJECTIONS
In accordance with the Ministry of Energy’s Strategic Plan, Turkey is targeting
20,000 MW installed wind-power capacity by the end of 2023.
TEİAŞ
13
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
MILESTONES FOR WIND IN TURKEY
• The law on the Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources
(RES) for the purpose of generating energy, (Law No. 5346 of
10/05/05) is the first Renewable Energy Law of Turkey
which was approved in the year 2005 by the Turkish
Parliament.
• In November 2007, the Turkish Energy Market Regulatory
Authority (EMRA) accepted 751 WPP applications with total
capacity of 78,000 MW.
TEİAŞ
14
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
NOVEMBER 1ST 2007
NOVEMBER 1ST 2007 APPLICATIONS
ASSESMENT OF APPLICATIONS
 Integration of wind capacity equal to 25%
of maximum total demand is planned to
be integrated. (48.0000/4=~12.000 MW)
 Wind Basin Substations are planned in
region with high wind energy potential.
 WPP applications are directed to nearest
substations.
Before Nov. 2007
Singular WPP
applications and
licensed seperately
3500MW of Wind
capacity allocated
before Nov. 2007
 Maximum capacity connectable to a
BUSBAR is determined to be %5 of the
Short Circuit MVA
Nov. 2007
Applications
722 applications
with 78.000 MW
capacity
Overlapping, or
same region.
TEİAŞ
15
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
In region where wind
potentials are high, Wind
Basin Subs are planned to be
established and connectable
WPP capacities are
announced by TEIAS to
integrate WPP’s.
WPP BASIN (COLLECTOR) SUBSTATIONS
KIRKLARELİ
380/154 kV Basin Substation
İSTANBUL
380/154 kV Çatalca Basin TM
WPP
~
WPP
~
~
400/154 kV
Basin (Collector)
Substation
WPP
ÇANAKKALE
380/154 kV Çan TM
380/154 kV Gelibolu (Sütlüce) TM
154 kV Çan Basin 1 TM
154 kV Çan Basin 2 TM
İZMİR
380/154 kV İzmir Basin TM
TEİAŞ
16
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
WPP CONNECTION REQUESTS MANAGEMENT
TM
TM
TM
Nov. 2007
Applications
78.000 MW
Non-overlapping
applications to different
substations are classified
as singular application
and connections
approved.
Applications that are
overlapping or/and have
connection request to
same substation are
assessed via
competitions (bidding
process) according to
contribution fees.
(tender fee)
No competition
2000 MW
via competitions
5500 MW
is decreased to
7.500 MW
TEİAŞ
17
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
WPP REQUIREMENTS
• For higher wind penetration levels, additional requirements
for are added to grid code.
TEİAŞ – Requirements for WPP’s
Connection
requirements for
Wind Power
Generations are
defined in the
Appendix-18 of the
Turkish Grid Code.
Issues covered:
•Fault Ride Through Capability
•Active Power Control
•Frequency Reaction Of The Wind Power Plants
•Reactive Power Capacity
•Reactive Power Support
•Monitoring Of Wind Power Plants
TEİAŞ
18
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
Fault Ride Through
The wind turbines shall
stay connected to network
when voltage at the
Connection Point stays in
the region 1 and region 2.
WPP REQUIREMENTS
Reactive Power Capability
At the network connection
point, the wind power plant
must
be
capable
of
continuous operation for the
power factor values in the
region defined with the bold
lines.
FRT=1.5 s
TEİAŞ
19
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
WIND POWER MONITORING & FORECAST CENTER
• With increasing Wind Power installed capacity, it becomes
important to forecast wind generation accurately to
minimize daily-hourly deviations for dispatch and market.
TEİAŞ – WPP Monitor & Forecast Center
Licensed all the WPP’s are obliged to
establish necessary infrastructure to
provide the monitoring of the wind
farm from Wind Power Monitoring
and Forecast Center (RİTM),
developed by General Directorate of
Renewable Energy. WPP’s will be
monitored also from TEİAŞ Dispatch
Centers for forecast and system
operation.
TEİAŞ
20
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
FUTURE CAPACITY ALLOCATIONS
• For new wind power plant applications, 3,000 MW
connectable capacity is announced by TEİAŞ in December
2013. Applications for this capacity will be taken by EMRA in
April 2015.
• These capacities are announced as regional capacities since
substation based capacities do not allow larger projects.
TEİAŞ
21
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
NEW REGULATION REGARDING CONNECTION
• In the previous grid code, a capacity up to 5 % of the system
short circuit MVA at the connection point is permitted.
• According to new regulation that has been published in
January 2013, IEC 61400 standard is applied to
determine wind power capacity that can be
connected to busbar.
TEİAŞ
22
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
SOLAR POWER
IN TURKISH POWER SYSTEM
TEİAŞ
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
TURKISH SOLAR POTENTIAL
• According to Strategy Paper of Energy Ministry,
Turkey’s aim in solar energy is to have 3.000
MW solar power plant integration by 2023.
TEİAŞ
24
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
DETERMINING SOLAR INTEGRAITON CAPACITY
• Total connectable capacity for solar power plants is declared
as 600 MW.
• Total installed capacity is distributed regarding the provinces,
according to total average annual radiation and sunshine
duration.
• Applications for this capacity are taken by EMRA in June 2013.
After technical evaluation of these applications, capacity
auctions will be carried out by TEİAŞ.
• The first auction was realised in 12th May 2014.
TEİAŞ
25
TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM
ANONİM ŞİRKETİ
Thank you for attention!
Kazim SENOCAK
Electrical Engineer
Transmission Planning & Coordination Division
Research, Planning, Coordination Department
[email protected]
TEİAŞ
Download

Sistemi İdari Personel Konevl Toplantı