N AT U R A M O N T E N E G R I N A, P o d g o r i c a , 2 0 1 3 , 1 2 ( 1 ) : 1 3 - 4 1
O RIGI N AL R ESE AR C H P AP ER
THE FLORA OF WETLANDS AND AQUATIC HABITATS
IN THE VICINITY OF NIKŠIĆ
Nada B U B A N J A
Natural History Museum of Montenegro,Trg Vojvode Bećir Bega Osmanagića 16, 81000 Podgorica,
Montenegro. E-mail: [email protected]
SYNOPSIS
Key words:
The vascular flora of wetlands and aquatic habitats in the
vascular flora,
vicinity of Nikšić has been presented in the paper. Field research
wetlands and aquatic
was carried out at the localities Nikšićka Župa, reservoir Krupac,
habitats,
Nikšić,
Montenegro.
Budoške bare (reservoir Vrtac) and the upper course of the Zeta
River. There are 365 taxa of vascular plants (species, subspecies
and varieties) which have been classified into 223 genera and 68
families. Having done a chorological analysis 9 area types and 16
area groups were identified including the dominant Eurasian area
type. 14 endemic species were recorded during the field research
i.e. endemic species of the Dinarides (The Dinaric Alps), southeastern and coastal Dinarides (7 taxa), the Balkan Peninsula (6
taxa) and Yugoslavia (1 taxon). Three taxa are new to the flora of
Montenegro
(Edrianthus
dalmaticus,
Viola
pumila
and
Potamogeton colorathus) as well as 3 localities are new for taxa
Cladium mariscus (Krupac), Spirodela polyrhiza (Budoške bare reservoir Vrtac) and Succisella petteri (Budoške bare - reservoirs
Vrtac and Krupac).
SINOPSIS
Ključne riječi:
U radu je prikazana vaskularna flora vlažnih i vodenih staništa
vaskularna flora,
okoline Nikšića. Terenska istraživanja vršena su na prostoru
vlažna i vodena
Nikšićke Župe, akumulacije Krupac, Budoških bara (akumulacija
staništa,
Vrtac) i gornjeg toka rijeke Zete. Ukupan broj taksona vaskularne
Nikšić,
flore (vrsta, podvrsta i varijeteta) je 365 svrstanih u 223 roda i 68
Crna Gora.
familija. Horološkom analizom izdvojeno je 9 areal tipova i 16 areal
grupa.od
kojih
je
najzastupljeniji
evroazijski
areal
tip.
Na
istraživanom području registrovano je 14 endemičnih vrsta. To su
endemi Dinarida, jugoistočnih i primorskih Dinarida (7 taksona),
zatim Balkanskog poluostrva (6 taksona) i Jugoslavije (1 takson).
Na ovom području su pronađena i 3 taksona koja su nova za Crnu
Goru I to su: Edrianthus dalmaticus, Viola pumila i Potamogeton
colorathus kao i 3 nova lokaliteta za taksone Cladium mariscus
(Krupac), Spirodela polyrhiza (Budoške bare - akumulacija Vrtac) i
Succisella petteri (Budoške bare - akumulacija Vrtac I Krupac).
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
INTRODUCTION
Nikšić field (Nikšićko polje) is situated in the central part of Montenegrin karst
and it represents a typical closed karst depression. It has an area of 66.5 km² and
represents the largest karst field in Montenegro. It has the length of 18.5 kilometres
while its width is variable and it is about 3.5 km in average. Its elevation ranges from
600m in the south (Slivski ponor) to 661m in the far north (Vidrovanska vrela), while
the town of Nikšić is located at 630m above sea level. The plain consists of several
small fields: Gornje polje, Mokronjivsko polje (Mokra njiva), Rastoci, Rudo polje,
Krupačko polje (nowadays reservoir Krupac), Kočansko polje, Kapino polje, Slansko
polje (nowadays reservoir Slano), Budoške bare (nowadays reservoir Vrtacretention), Lugovi, Kličevo, Suvo polje and Slivlje.
At the east end of Nikšić field there is the Gračanica River valley (Nikšićka
Župa) which represents a special relief units. Nikšićka Župa is located on the east of
Nikšić. It covers an area of 40 km² and including its wider mountainous hinterland
and brim its surface totals 210 km². With reference to the hydrographical network of
Nikšićka Župa, the course of the Gračanica River is the most important one (it
originates from springs in Blace morakovske (1186m). At the uttermost northern part
of Nikšić field there is Gornje polje i.e. the place where the Zeta River originates,
which is the most important river in the field. In the western part of Nikšić field there
is Krupačko polje - reservoir Krupac which was built in 1960 by damming the rivers
Moštanica and Matica with an embankment dam Krupac. The reservoir has a surface
of 5.2 km². In the southern part of Nikšić field there is Budoške bare (reservoir
Vrtac-retention) which covers an area of 13.42 km². Budoške bare - reservoir Vrtac
(retention) was formed in 1958 and the Zeta River was dammed for the purpose of
long-term water retention.
The researched area consists of rocks which, by their age, belong to
Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cainozoic. The influences of Mediterranean and
continental climate interlace in this area.
During the nineteenth and twentieth century the vicinity of Nikšić (the upper
course of the Zeta River, reservoir Krupac, Budoške bare and Nikšićka Župa) was
visited by botanists J.Pančić (1875) , J.Rohlena (1942) , J.Blaženčić (2007) who
collected a very small number of plant species and this was one of the reasons for
conducting more detail research of this area.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Floristic surveys were conducted in the period from 2004 to 2007. The
collected plant material is deposited in the Herbarium of the Natural History Museum
of Montenegro and partially in the Botanical Garden herbarium of Biology, University
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Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
of Belgrade. The determination was made by using the following literature: Tutin &
all. (1964-1980, 1993), Josifović & al. (1970-1977), Sarić & al. (1986, 1992), Pignatti
(1982), Hayek (1924-1933) and from other sources such as Javorka & Csapody
(1934), etc. The nomenclature was in compliance with Flora Europea (I-V) as well as
the Med-Check list (1, 3, 4). Floral elements were defined and analyzed for
phytogeographic analysis in accordance with the principles of classification of
Meusel, al: (1965, 1978) i Meusel et al. (1992) as well as vegetable geographical
classification Stevanovic (1992).
Every listed taxa in this paper is followed by its floristic affiliation and narrower
area in which it has been collected. List contains also taxa which were registered
earlier, but not during recent author’s surveys. These taxa have star (*) by the name
of area, and in brackets are name of author and year of reference in which that taxa
is pointed out.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
L IST
OF TAXA COLLECTED IN WETLANDS AND AQUATIC HABITATS IN THE VICINITY OF
P T ER IDO PH YT A
EQUISETACEAE
Equisetum fluviatile L.
evr-sam(cirkumhol); Krupac, Budoške bare
Equisetum palustre L.
evr-sam(cirkumhol); Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Equisetum pratense Ehrh.
evr-sam(cirkumhol); Morakovske bare
Equisetum arvense L.
evr-sam(cirkumhol); Morakovske bare, Krupac,Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
HYPOLEPIDACEAE
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. in Kersten
kosm; Krupac, Budoške bare, Manitovac
THELYPTERIDACEAE
Thelypteris palustris Schott.
kosm; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Manitovac
M AGNO L IO PH YTA ( D ic ot ile don es)
SALICACEAE
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
Salix fragilis L.
se-med-subm-or-pont-j.sib; Krupac
Salix alba L.
evr; Liverovići, Krupac
Salix cinerea L.
evr-afr; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Salix elaeagnos Scop.
evr; Liverovići, Morakovo, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Salix purpurea L.
se-med-z.or-s.j.sib; Krupac, Budoške bare
Populus nigra L.
se-med-pont-j.s.sib; Manitovac, Mokra njiva
Populus deltoides Marschall
evr-sam; Krupac
FAGACEAE
Quercus trojana Webb. in London
j.apen.-j.i.ilir-balk; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:18), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić
1875:84)
URTICACEAE
Urtica dioica L.
kosm; Budoške bare
SANTALACEAE
Thesium humifusum DC. in Lam.&DC.
(med)subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:82)
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Aristolochia clematitis L.
subm-pont; Krupac, Budoške bare
Aristolochia pallida Willd.
med-subm; Krupac, Budoške bare
POLYGONACEAE
Polygonum lapathifolium L.
kosm(evr-sam); Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Manitovac, Mokra njiva
Polygonum amphibium L.
kosm(evr-sam); Krupac-Smilovača, Budoške bare
Rumex acetosella L.
kosm(evr-sam); Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
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Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
Rumex acetosa L.
evr-sam(bor-merid); Krupac, Budoške bare
Rumex hydrolapathum Hudson
se-med-subm-z.pont; Manitovac
Rumex patientia L.
pan-pont; Krupac, Mokra njiva
Rumex crispus L.
Kosm; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Rumex sanquineus L.
se-atl-med; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
Rumex obtusifolius L.
se-subm-z.pont; Mokra njiva
CHENOPODIACEAE
Chenopodium hybridum L.
evr-sam; Brezovik
Atriplex patula L.
evr-sam; Liverovići
AMARANTHACEAE
Amaranthus hybridus L.
adv; Mokra njiva
CARYOPHYLACEAE
Stellaria media (L.)Vill.
kosm; Budoške bare
Holosteum umbellatum L.
c.e-j.atl-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare
Cerastium glomeratum Thuill.
kosm; Krupac
Moenchia mantica (L.)Bartl
subm; Krupac, Mokra njiva
Lychnis flos – cuculi L.
se-ev(bor)-subm-pont-j.sib; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
evr; Budoške bare
Silene gallinyi Reichenb.
SJEP; Lukovsko polje-Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:13)
Saponaria officinalis L.
se-subm-z.pont-(sr.sib); Brezovik
Petrorhagia obcordata (M.&R.) G.&B.
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
ilir-balk-end; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:47)
Petrorhagia glumacea (Chamb&Bory) P.W.Boll.&Heywod
Balk; Nikšićka Župa-Gračanička rijeka* (J.Pančić 1875:10)
Dianthus armeria L.
se-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare, Brezovik, Mokra njiva, Glibavac
Dianthus ciliatus Guss. ssp. dalmaticus(Čelak) Hayek
med-subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:49), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:11)
Dianthus monspessulanus L.
SJEP; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:51)
Dianthus plumarius L.
SJEP; Lukovsko polje-Nikšička Župa* (J.Panćič 1875:11)
CERATOPHYLLACEAE
Ceratophyllum demersum L.
Kosm; Budoške bare
RANUNCULACEAE
Helleborus odorus Waldst.&Kit. in Willd. ssp. odorus
se-med-subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:59), Nikšička Župa* (J.Panćič
1875:2)
Trollius europaeus L.
evr-sam(boreo-merid); Morakovske bare
Consolida regalis S.F.Gray
se-med-pont-j.sib; Krupac
Anemone apennina L.
subm; Manitovac
Clematis viticella L.
med-subm; Krupac, Budoške bare
Ranunculus polyanthemos L.
evr; Budoške bare
Ranunculus repens L.
evr; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Vukov most
Ranunculus acris L.
subm-pont-j.sib.; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Ranunculus millefoliatus Vahl.
i.subm; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Ranunculus sceleratus L.
evr-sam; Budoške bare
Ranunculus arvensis L.
med-or tur; Liverovići
Ranunculus sardous Crantz.
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Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
se-med-subm; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Ranunculus ficaria L.
se-subm-z.pont; Krupac, Mokra njiva
Ranunculus reptans L.
evr; Liverovići
Ranunculus trichophyllus Chaix in Vill.
se; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Vukov most
Thalictrum minus L.
evr; Budoške bare
Thalictrum simplex L.
evr; Budoške bare
Thalictrum flavum L.
evr; Morakovske bare
PAPAVERACEAE
Corydalis solida (L.) Clairv
atl-z.sarm-med-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare
CRUCIFERAE
Alliaria petiolata (Bieb) C.&G.
pan-pont; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. in Aiton
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Rorippa amphibia (L.) Besser
se-subm-pont-j.sr.sib; Liverovići
Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Besser
se-subm-pan-pont; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac, Vukov
most
Rorippa lippizensis (Wulfen) Reichemb
ilir-alb-balk; Morakovske bare, Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
Nasturtium officinale R.Br. in Aiton
kosm; Mokra njiva, Glibavac
Armoracia rusticana P.Gaertner, B.Meyr&Scherb
adv; Manitovac
Cardamine pratensis L.
evr-sam; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Arabis alpina L.
evr-sam; Morakovske bare
Peltaria alliaceae Jacq.
balk-pan-z.pont; Nikšička Župa* (J.Panćič 1875)
Berteroa incana (L.) D.C.
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
c.ev-sarm-subm-z.pont; Manitovac
Lepidium campestre (L.) R.Br.
se- i.subm-pan-z.pont; Krupac
Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.
evr; Manitovac
CRASSULACEAE
Sedum acre L.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
PARNASSIACEAE
Parnassia palustris L.
bor-cirk; Morakovske bare
ROSACEAE
Filipendula vulgaris Moench
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim
evr; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Rosa tomentosa Sm.
med-subm; Liverovići
Agrimonia eupatoria L.
med-subm-pont; Krupac, Budoške bare
Sanguisorba officinalis L.
evr; Budoške bare
Sanguisorba minor Scop.
se-med-subm-pont-turcest; Krupac, Budoške bare
Geum rivale L.
evr-sam; Morakovske bare
Geum urbanum L.
evr, Morakovske bare
Potentilla erecta (L.) Rauschel
evr; Morakovske bare
Potentilla reptans L.
evr; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac, Vukov most
Alchemilla xanthochlora Rothm.
evr-sam; Morakovske bare
Crataegus monogyna Jacq.
se-med-subm-pont; Krupac
Prunus mahaleb L.
i.med-pont; Manitovac
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Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
LEGUMINOSAE
Chamaecytisus hirsutus (L.)Link
c.i.med-subm; Budoške bare
Genista tinctoria L.
se-subm-pont-j.c.sib; Krupac, Budoške bare
Vicia grandiflora Scop.
i.subm-(pan)-pont-or; Krupac, Budoške bare
Lathyrus pratensis L.
evr; Liverovići
Lathyrus tuberosus L.
se-sarm-subm-pont-j.c.sib; Budoške bare
Lathyrus inconspicuus L.
subm; Krupac
Ononis spinosa L.
c.subm-(atl)-ce; Budoške bare
Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pallas
evr; Krupac, Mokra njiva
Trifolium repens L.
evr; Krupac
Trifolium hybridum L.
evr; Budoške bare
Trifolium michelianum Savi.
subm; Krupac
Trifolium campestre Schreber in Sturm
se-med-subm-z.pont-or-tur; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Trifolium incarnatum L.
z.med-z.c.subm-j.atl; Krupac, Budoške bare
Trifolium pratense L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Dorycnium pentaphyllum Scop. ssp.herbaceum (Vill.)Rouy.
c.med-c.i.subm-pan-pont; Budoške bare
Lotus corniculatus L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Coronilla varia L.
subpont; Budoške bare
GERANIACEAE
Geranium molle L.
se-med-subm; Krupac
Erodium cicutarium (L.)L'Her. In Aiton
evr; Krupac
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
LINACEAE
Linum tenuifolium L.
se-med-subm-pan-pont; Krupac, Budoške bare
EUPHORBIACEAE
Euphorbia sequierana Necket
se-subm-pont-j.sib-tur; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Euphorbia esula L.
c.ev-j.atl-subm-pan-(z.pont); Krupac, Budoške bare
Euphorbia esula L. ssp. tommasiniana (Bertol)Nyman
se-med-subm-pont-j.sib-ca; Budoške bare
Euphorbia cyparissias L.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
POLYGALACEAE
Polygala vulgaris L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare
MALVACEAE
Malva sylvestris L.
evr; Brezovik, Mokra njiva
GUTTIFERAE
Hypericum perforatum L.
evr; Budoške bare
VIOLACEAE
Viola odorata L.
atl-se-med-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare, Manitovac
Viola pumila Chaix in Vill.
c.ev-sarm-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare
Viola tricolor L.
evr; Krupac
LYTHRACEAE
Lythrum salicaria L.
kosm; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Lythrum virgatum L.
i.subm-j.i.sarm-pont-pan-tur; Liverovići
ONAGRACEAE
Epilobium angustifolium L.
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Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
evr-sam; Morakovske bare
Epilobium dodonaei Vil.
c.med.-c.i.subm-alp-burgund-carp; Liverovići, Morakovske bare
Epilobium hirsutum L.
evr-afr; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Mokra njiva
Epilobium parviflorum Schreber
evr; Morakovske bare
Epilobium montanum L.
evr; Morakovske bare
HALORAGACEAE
Myriophyllum spicatum L.
evr-sam; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac, Vukov most
HIPPURIDACEAE
Hippuris vulgaris L.
evr-sam; Glibavac
CORNACEAE
Cornus sanguinea L.
se-med-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare
UMBELLIFERAE
Eryngium palmatum Pančić&Vis
SJEP; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:210), Nikšička Župa* (J.Panćič 1875:34)
Anthriscus sylvestris (L) Hoffm.
se; Morakovo
Smyrnium perfoliatum L.
med-subm-pan; Krupac
Berula erecta (Hudson) Coville
se-med-subm-or-pont; Krupac
Oenanthe fistulosa L.
se-med; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Oenanthe aquatica (L.) Poiret in Lam.
se-ev(bor)-z.sib; Mokra njiva
Bupleurum kargli Vis.
JEP(balk); Nikšička Župa* (J.Panćič 1875:35)
Angelica sylvestris L.
evr; Morakovske bare
Opopanax chironium (L.) Koch.
med-subm; Morakovo
Pastinaca sativa L.
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
se-med-pont j.sib; Liverovići
Orlaya grandiflora (L.) Hoffm.
se-med z.pont; Budoške bare
Daucus carota L.
evr; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
PRIMULACEAE
Primula vulgaris Hudson
evr; Budoške bare
Lysimachia vulgaris L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Manitovac
Lysimachia nummularia L.
se-subm-pont; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
OLEACEAE
Ligustrum vulgare L.
se-subm-pont; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
GENTIANACEAE
Centaurium tenuiflorum (Hoffm.&Link) Fritsch.
atl-med-subm; Budoške bare, Brezovik
Gentiana pneumonanthe L.
evr; Morakovske bare
Gentiana utriculosa L.
se; Morakovske bare
CONVOLVULACEAE
Cuscuta planiflora Ten.
evr-sam; Krupac
Calystegia sepium (L.) R.Br.
kosm; Manitovac
Convolvulus arvensis L.
kosm; Budoške bare
BORAGINACEAE
Lithospermum officinale L.
se-med-subm-or-pont-j.c.sib.-tur; Morakovske bare
Onosma visianii G.C.Clementi
ilir-pan; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena1942:254), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:67)
Cerinthe minor L. ssp. auriculata (Ten.) Domac
i.med-z.iran-c.subm-j.z.pont-pan-i.hirc; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942), Nikšićka
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Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
Župa* (J.Pančić 1875)
Echium italicum L.
med-subm; Liverovići
Echium vulgare L.
se-med-subm-pont(j.sib); Liverovići
Symphytum tuberosum L.
ev-med-subm-z.pont; Morakovske bare
Anchusa officinalis L.
pan-pont; Krupac
Myosotis silvatica Hoffm.
evr; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Myosotis scorpioides L.
evr; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac, Vukov most
VERBENACEAE
Verbena officinalis L.
kosm; Krupac, Vukov most
CALLITRICHACEAE
Callitriche palustris L.
kosm; Glibavac
LABIATAE
Ajuga genevensis L.
se-subm-pont; Mokra njiva
Ajuga reptans L.
se-med-pont; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva,
Manitovac, Glibavac
Ajuga laxmannii (L.) Bentham.
pont; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:286), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:77)
Teucrium arduini L.
med-subm; Manitovac
Teucrium scordium L.
se-med-pont-j.sib; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
Teucrium polium L.
med-subm; Mokra njiva
Scutellaria galericulata L.
evr-sam; Manitovac
Marrubium incanum Desr. in Lam
med-subm; Krupac, Vukov most
Lamium maculatum L.
25
Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
se-subm-j.z.pont; Manitovac
Lamiastrum galeobdolon (L.)Ehrend&Polatschek
se-med; Morakovske bare
Stachys germanica L.
atl-med-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare
Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
se-j.atl-(med)-subm-pan; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
Prunella vulgaris L.
evr-sam; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy.
se-med; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:74)
Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele
med-subm; Liverovići
Clinopodium vulgare L.
se-med- subm; Morakovske bare
Micromeria thymifolia (Scop.) F. in A.K.
(subm)ilir; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:304)
Hyssopus officinalis L.
med; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:75)
Lycopus europaeus L.
evr; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Vukov most
Mentha pulegium L.
evr-afr; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Mentha aquatica L.
evr-afr; Liverovići, Krupac, Glibavac
Mentha longifolia (L.) Hudson
evr; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Salvia pratensis L.
subm-pont-j.sib; Krupac, Mokra njiva
Salvia nemorosa L.
evr; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:302), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:75)
Salvia amplexicaulis Lam.
ilir-balk; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:302)
SOLANACEAE
Solanum dulcamara L.
evr; Krupac, Manitovac
SCROPHULARIACEAE
Gratiola officinalis L.
evr-sam; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
26
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
Verbascum blattaria L.
evr; Budoške bare
Verbascum phlomoides L.
j.atl.-c.med-i.subm-z.pont-pan; Liverovići
Verbascum lychnitis L.
se; Budoške bare
Scrophularia nodosa L.
evr; Krupac
Chaenorhynum minus (L.) Lange in Vil.&Lange
se-med-subm-z.pont; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
Linaria vulgaris Miller
evr; Budoške bare
Veronica serpyllifolia L.
kosm; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Veronica urticifolia Jacq.
c.i. SJEP; Morakovske bare
Veronica austriaca L. ssp. teucrium (L.)D.A.Webb.
evr; Morakovske bare
Veronica austriaca L. ssp. austriaca
balk-z.pont; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac
Veronica chamaedrys L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Krupac
Veronica beccabunga L.
se-med-subm-pont-j.sr.sib-tur; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Budoške bare,
Manitovac
Veronica anagalis-aquatica L.
kosm; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac, Vukov most
Veronica persica Poiret in Lam.
adv; Krupac
Euphrasia rostkoviana Hayne
se; Morakovske bare
Rhinanthus minor L.
se-med-subm; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Rhinanthus angustifolius C.C.Gmelin
evr; Mokra njiva
GLOBULARIACEAE
Globularia punctata Lapeyr
se-med-subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:314), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić
1875:79)
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Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
ACANTHACEAE
Acantus balcanicus H.&L.B.K.R.
med; Morakovo, Manitovac
OROBANCHACEAE
Orobanche purpurea Jacq.
med-pont; Budoške bare
LENTIBULARIACEAE
Utricularia vulgaris
evr-sam; Budoške bare, Krupac* (J.Blaženčić 2007:85)
RUBIACEAE
Galium debile Desv.
med-subm; Krupac, Budoške bare
Galium palustre L.
evr: Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac
Galium verum L.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Galium mollugo L.
se-med-subm; Krupac, Budoške bare
Galium album Miller
se-ev(bor)-subm-pont-j.sib; Mokra njiva
Galium glaucum L.
subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:325), Lukovsko polje-Nikšićka Župa*
(J.Pančić 1875:41)
Cruciata laevipes Opiz.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
PLANTAGINACEAE
Plantago major L.
kosm (evr-sam); Liverovići, Budoške bare
Plantago holosteum Scop.
subm; Budoške bare
Plantago lanceolata L.
evr(subbor-temp); Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Plantago altissima L.
pan-med-subm; Budoške bare, Vukov most
CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Sambucus nigra L.
28
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
se-med-subm-pont-j.sib; Liverovići, Morakovo
Lonicera caprifolium L.
i.subm-pont; Liverovići
VALERIANACEAE
Valeriana officinalis L.
ce-sarm-i.subm; Morakovske bare
DIPSACACEAE
Dipsacus fullonum L.
se-med-pont-j.sib; Mokra njiva
Succisa pratensis Moench.
evr; Liverovići, Morakovske bare
Succisella petteri (J.Kerner&Murb) G.Beck
i.adr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Knautia drymeia Heuffel.
se; Morakovske bare
Knautia arvensis (Briq.) Szabo.
evr; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Scabiosa argentea L.
subm-pont-j.sib.; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:342), Gračanička rijeka-Nikšićka
Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:44)
CAMPANULACEAE
Campanula pyramidalis L.
med-subm; Krupac
Campanula rapunculoides L.
subm-pont-j.sib; Budoške bare
Edraianthus dalmaticus (A.DC.) A. DC.
med-subm; Budoške bare
COMPOSITAE
Eupatorium cannabium L.
se(med)-subm-hirc-pont; Krupac
Bellis perenis L.
se-med-subm; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac, Manitovac
Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
(subm)-pan-sudatl-subatl-ze-(sarm); Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare
Pulicaria dysenterica (L.) Bernh.
se-med-subm-pont-or-tur; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Pulicaria vulgaris Gaertner
29
Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
evr; Liverovići
Bidens tripartita L.
evr; Liverovići
Xanthium strumarium L.
kosm; Budoške bare, Vukov most
Xanthium strumarium L. ssp. italicum (Moretti) D.Love
kosm; Liverovići
Achillea millefolium L.
evr, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac
Achillea crithmifolia Waldst.&Kit.
pan-pont; Morakovske bare, Liverovići
Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert
evr; Glibavac
Chamomilla suaveolens (Pursh) Rydb.
adv; Liverovići
Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.
evr; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac, Manitovac
Artemisia absinthium L.
evr; Krupac
Tussilago farfara L.
se-med-subm-pont-j.sib-ca; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Senecio jacobaea L.
evr; Budoške bare
Cirsium vulgare (Savi.) Ten.
evr; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Cirsium candelabrum Griseb.
subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:384), Gračanička rijeka-Nikšićka Župa
(J.Pančić 1875:50)
Centaurea nicolai Bald.
med-subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:390)
Centaurea glaberrima Tausch
med-subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:390), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 187:535)
Centaure jacea L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Centaurea jacea L. ssp. angustifolia(Scherk.) Gugl.
med-subm pan-pont; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:390)
Centaurea salonitana Vis. var. lanceolata Vis.
balk-z.pont; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:53)
Cichorium intybus L.
kosm; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Leontodon hispidus L.
30
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
ce-med-subm-pont-j.sib-or; Krupac
Picris hieracioides L.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Tragopogon pratensis L.
se-med-pont-j.sib; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Cicerbita pancicci (Vis.) Beauverd
se; Morakovske bare
Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers
kosm; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Manitovac
Taraxacum officinale Weber ssp. palustre (Lyons)Becherer
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Crepis nicaeensis Balbis in Pers.
ubm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:405), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:56)
Crepis sancta (L.) Babcock
med-subm-tur, Krupac
LILIOPSIDA (Monocotiledones)
ALISMATACEAE
Alisma plantago-aquatica L.
kosm; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Alisma gramineum Lej.
evr-sam; Krupac, Budoške bare
BUTOMACEAE
Butomus umbellatus L.
evr; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
POTAMOGETONACEAE
Potamogeton colorathus Kornem.
med-subm-(atl)-c-(pan); Krupac
Potamogeton lucens L.
subm-pont-j.sib; Budoške bare
Potamogeton gramineus L.
evr-sam; Krupac* (J.Blaženčić 2007:66)
Potamogeton alpinus Balbis
evr-sam; Krupac* (J.Blaženčić 2007:64)
Potamogeton pusillus L.
kosm; Budoške bare, Liverovići* (J.Blaženčić 2007:70)
Potamogeton crispus L.
kosm; Liverovići, Budoške bare
31
Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
ZANNICHELLIACEAE
Zannichellia palustris L.
kosm; Krupac
LILIACEA
Veratrum nigrum L.
evr; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:426)
Colchicum autumnale L.
z.c.subm-aquit-sr.brit-j.ce; Budoške bare
Ornithogalum pyrenaicum L.
med-subm; Mokra njiva, vlažna livada
Ornithogalum collinum Guss.
med-subm-pan-pont-(ce); Budoške bare, Manitovac
Ornithogalum commosum L.
c.subm-z.pont; Krupac
Scilla bifolia L.
(c.j.med)-c.subm(j.atl)-z.pont; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Scilla litardierei Breistr.
Ilir; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Muscari comosum (L.) Miller
med-subm; Mokra njiva
Muscari botryoides (L.) Miller
se-c.i.subm-z.pont; Krupac, Manitovac
Allium spaerocephalon L.
med-subm-pan-pont; Budoške bare
Asparagus tenuifolius Lam.
subm; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:435), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:89),
Budoške bare
AMARYLLIDACEAE
Leucojum aesativum L.
subm; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
IRIDACEAE
Iris pseudacorus L.
se-med-subm-z.pont; Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Crocus vernus (L.) Hill. ssp. vernus
z.c.subm; Budoške bare
Gladiolus palustris Gaudi
se; Budoške bare
32
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
JUNCACEAE
Juncus filiformis L.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Juncus inflexus L.
evr; Liverovići
Juncus effusus L.
se; Morakovske bare
Juncus tenuis Willd.
adv; Morakovske bare
Juncus bufonius L.
evr; Morakovske bare
Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
se; Liverovići
Juncus alpinus Vill.
evr-sam; Morakovske bare
Juncus articulatus L.
se-pont-sr.sib; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac
POACEAE
Festuca pratensis Hudson.
ev-subm-pont-j.sib-ca; Krupac, Budoške bare, Manitovac
Festuca valesiaca Shleicher ex Gaudi
evr; Mokra njiva
Poa angustifolia L.
evr-sam; Krupac, Budoške bare
Poa palustris L.
evr-sam; Brezovik
Dactylis glomerata L.
evr; Krupac, Mokra njiva
Briza media L.
subm-se; Morakovske bare
Glyceria fluitans (L.) R.Br.
kosm; Morakovske bare, Liverovići, Brezovik, Glibavac
Glyceria plicata (Fries) Fries
kosm; Liverovići, Krupac
Bromus hordaceus L.
subm; Brezovik
Elymus repens (L.) Gould
evr; Manitovac
Arrhenatherum elatus (L.) Beauv ex J.&C.Presl
z.med-subm-atl-z.(i.)sarm; Budoške bare, Brezovik
33
Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
Anthoxanthum odoratum L.
se-med-subm-(turcest)-altai; Budoške bare, Brezovik
Holcus lanatus L.
evr; Krupac
Polypogon viridis (Gouan) Breistr
evr; Budoške bare, Brezovik, Manitovac
Phleum pratense L.
kosm; Budoške bare
Alopecurus geniculatus L.
evr-sam; Liverovići
Alopecurus aequalis Sobol.
evr; Liverovići
Alopecurus utriculatus Solander in A.Russell
j.subatl-med-subm; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Phalaris arundinacea L.
evr-sam; Brezovik
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steudel
kosm; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Brezovik
Danthonia alpina West.
se; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Rohlena 1942:474), Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875:98)
Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench
evr-sam; Budoške bare
Panicum capillare L.
adv; Krupac
Echinochloa crus- gali (Live.) Beauv
kosm; Liverović
Digitaria ischaemum (Schreber) Muhl.
kosm; Krupac
Chrysopogon gryllus (L.) Trin.
med-i.c.subm-pan; Nikšićka Župa* (J.Pančić 1875)
LEMNACEAE
Lemna minor L.
kosm; Krupac, Glibavac
Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleide
kosm; Budoške bare
SPARGANIACEAE
Sparganium erectum L.
se-med-subm; Liverovići, Krupac, Budoške bare, Manitovac
TYPHACEAE
Typha angustifolia L.
34
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
evr-sam; Krupac
Typha latifolia L.
kosm; Krupac
CYPERACEAE
Scirpus lacustris L.
kosm; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac
Scirpus holoschoenus L.
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Eriophorum latifolium Hoppe.
evr; Morakovske bare
Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roemer&Schultes
evr-sam; Budoške bare
Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer&Schultes
kosm; Liverovići, Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Cyperus longus L.
evr-afr; Budoške bare
Cyperus flavescens L.
kosm; Morakovske bare
Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl.
kosm; Krupac
Carex paniculata L.
lusit-c.subm-se; Morakovske bare
Carex vulpina L.
se- med- pont- j.sib; Krupac, Budoške bare
Carex divulsa Stokes in With.
atl-ce-med-subm-pan; Budoške bare
Carex ovalis Good.
evr-sam; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Carex elongata L.
evr; Morakovske bare
Carex hirta L.
se-subm-pan-pont; Krupac
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh.
evr-sam; Mokra njiva
Carex riparia Curtis.
evr-afr; Morakovske bare
Carex pseudocyperus L.
evr-sam; Krupac
Carex rostrata Stokes in With.
evr-sam; Krupac
35
Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
Carex flacca Schreber
evr; Krupac, Budoške bare
Carex panicea L.
evr-sam; Morakovske bare, Krupac
Carex distans L.
med-pan-(z.pont)-atl-ce; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare
Carex flava L.
z.c.subm-atl-z.sarm-scand; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Carex humilis Leysser
evr; Manitovac
Carex acuta L.
evr; Morakovske bare, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva, Glibavac
ORCHIDACEAE
Epipactis palustris (L.) Crantz.
evr; Morakovske bare, Krupac
Cephalantera longifolia (L.)Fritsch.
se-subm; Budoške bare
Lystera ovata (L.) R.Br. in Aiton
evr; Krupac
Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br. in Aiton
evr; Morakovske bare
Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) Soo.
evr; Morakovske bare
Orchis morio L.
se-med-subm-pan; Morakovske bare, Krupac, Budoške bare
Orchis coriophora L.
se-med-subm-or-z.pont; Krupac, Budoške bare
Orchis laxiflora Lam.
atl-se-med-subm-pont-z.tur; Krupac, Budoške bare, Mokra njiva
Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) L.C.M.Richard
atl-med-subm; Budoške bare
During the floristic surveys of wetland and aquatic habitats in the vicinity of
Nikšić, 365 plant taxa were registered in this area. Among them, 274 taxa were for
the first time listed for the subject area. Registered taxa belong to 68 families and
223 genera. A division Pteridophyta (ferns) is represented with 3 families, 3 genera
and 6 species in total. Magnoliophyta (dikotils) division is the richest in floristic
terms and includes 51 families, while the class Liliopsida (monocots) comprises 14
families (tabs. 1 and 2).
36
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
Table 1 Overview of the most prevalent families (w ith a number of species greater than
5) in the flora of w etlands and aquatic habitats in the vicinity of Nikšić (365 taxa).
FAMILY
n
%
COMPOSITAE
32
8,76
POACEAE
26
7,12
LABIATAE
25
6,84
CYPERACEAE
24
6,57
RANUNCULACEAE
18
4,93
SCROPHULARIACEAE
18
4,93
LEGUMINOSAE
17
4,65
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
14
3,83
CRUCIFEREAE
13
3,56
ROSACEAE
13
3,56
UMBELLIFERAE
12
3,28
LILIACEAE
11
3,01
POLYGONACEAE
9
2,46
BORAGINACEAE
9
2,46
ORCHIDACEAE
9
2,46
JUNCACEAE
8
2,19
SALICACEAE
7
1,91
RUBIACEAE
7
1,91
DIPSACACEAE
6
1,64
POTAMOGETONACEAE
6
1,64
ONAGRACEAE
5
1,36
(n – number of taxa in given family; % - number of taxa in given family
in regard to total number of registered species, in percent).
Graph 1: Areal types spectrum of the flora of w etlands and aquatic habitats
in the vicinity of Nikšić.
(Areal types: ADV – adventitious;
KOSM – cosmopolitan; HOLAR –
Holarctic; EVR – European; JEP
– Southern European mountain;
MED-SBM – MediterraneanSubmediterranean; SE – Central
European; PONT-J.S. – PonticSouth Siberian)
37
Natura Montenegrina 12(1), 2013
Table 2:
GENUS
n
%
CAREX
16
7,17
Overview of the most prevalent genera
RANUNCULUS
10
4,48
(w ith a number of species greater than 5)
VERONICA
8
3,58
JUNCUS
8
3,58
RUMEX
7
3,13
TRIFOLIUM
6
2,69
GALIUM
6
2,69
POTAMOGETON
6
2,69
SALIX
5
2,24
EPILOBIUM
5
2,24
CENTAUREA
5
2,24
in the flora of wetlands and aquatic
habitats in the vicinity of Nikšić. (223
genus).
(n – number of species in given genera;
% - number of species in given genera in regard
to total number of genera, in percent).
Table 3: Endemics plants in the flora of wetlands and aquatic habitats
in the vicinity of Nikšić.
Taxon
Ar e a
Micromeria thymifolia Scop.
Illyrian endemic with the disjunction in Hungary
Bupleurum karglii Vis.
endemic of the Dinarides
Cicerbita pancicii (Vis.)Beauv.
endemic of the Balkan peninsula
Rorippa lippizensis(Wulf.)Rchb.
endemic of the Balkan peninsula
Eryngium palmatum Vis.&Pančić
endemic of the Balkan peninsula
Teucrium arduini L.
endemic of the Dinarides
Salvia amplexicaulis Lam
endemic of the Balkan peninsula
Petrorhagia
obcordata(Margot&Renter)Greuter&Burdet
endemic of the Balkan peninsula
Campanula pyramidalis L.
subendemic of the coastal Dinarides
Edrianthus dalmaticus (A.DC.) A.DC.
endemic of the coastal Dinarides
Table 4: Protected plant taxa i n t h e f l o r a o f w e t l a n d s a n d a q u a t i c h a b i t a t s
in the vicinity of Nikšić.
Centaurea glaberima
Epipactis palustris
Succisella petterii
Gymnadenia conopsea
Gladiolus palustris
Listera ovata
Utricularia vulgaris
Orchis coriophora
Scilla litardierei
Orchis laxiflora
Anacamptis pyramidalis
Eryngium palmatum
Cephalantera longifolia
Trollius europaeus
Dactylorhiza incarnata
38
Bubanja: T H E F L O R A O F W E T L A N D S A N D A Q U A T I C H A B I T A T S I N T H E . . .
Floral elements were grouped in 9 area types and 16 area groups. Having
analyzed the spectrum of the total areal vascular flora of wetlands and aquatic
habitats in the vicinity of Nikšić, it was identified the dominance of Eurasian areal
types with a total number of 152 species.
14 endemic plants and 15 protected plant taxa were registered in the area of
wetlands and aquatic habitats in the vicinity of Nikšić.
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Received: 11 April 2013.
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